Title: Product conspicuousness and reference group influence among women: an empirical analysis

Authors: Semila Fenelly Fernandes; Rajesh Panda

Addresses: Symbiosis Institute of Business Management, A constituent of Symbiosis International University, 95/1, 95/2, Electronic City, Phase 1, Hosur Road, Bengaluru-560100, India ' Symbiosis Institute of Business Management, A constituent of Symbiosis International University, 95/1, 95/2, Electronic City, Phase 1, Hosur Road, Bengaluru-560100, India

Abstract: The aim of this study is to investigate reference group influence (RGI) among women across PRN, PRL, PUN and PUL product categories. During product and service purchases, women are more influenced by RGI compared to men as women are more socially connected. The sample size for the study was 1,044 women from Bengaluru, India. The scale for RGI was developed by Park and Lessig which was partially modified and product conspicuousness paradigm was adopted from Bearden and Etzel. Results of RGI across product categories indicated that IRG was the most universal influence for all four product categories. URG was the most relevant towards PRL while VERG showed significant results towards PUL. RGI within product categories revealed that women rated PRL higher for IRG and URG influences. Additionally, women rated PUL higher for IRG and VERG influences. Post-hoc analysis showed relationship between groups which were significantly different from each other. This resulted in women being important audiences which marketers should not ignore in their advertisements.

Keywords: consumer behaviour; reference group influence; RGI; women buying behaviour; product conspicuousness; informational reference group influence; utilitarian reference group influence; value expressive reference group influence.

DOI: 10.1504/IJPSPM.2019.101059

International Journal of Public Sector Performance Management, 2019 Vol.5 No.3/4, pp.384 - 398

Received: 22 Jan 2018
Accepted: 03 Jun 2018

Published online: 05 Jul 2019 *

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