Authors: Milenko Fadic
Addresses: Department of Economics, University of Bologna, Italy
Abstract: I study how household expenditures on non-durable consumption and human capital change in response to a positive and temporary income shock. I examine a sample of single-income earning Ecuadorian households where the income earner participated in a procurement process that uses a random lottery to select winning bidders for public tenders. I use a unique dataset that combines the results from the lottery with confidential tax-level data. I find that income shocks cause households to increase spending in education and health by 8% and in food and clothing by 11% during the year of the shock. I also find that households that received shocks of higher magnitudes smooth their expenditures over time. In addition to providing a measure of the propensity to consume for households in Ecuador, this study contributes to the literature by focusing on an unexpected, positive and temporary income shock. Additionally, this study estimates the joint effects on non-durable consumption and human capital, areas which have traditionally been studied separately.
Keywords: human capital; income shocks; non-durable consumption.
International Journal of Sustainable Economy, 2019 Vol.11 No.3, pp.286 - 302
Available online: 16 May 2019 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article