Title: Knowledge sharing practice in project-oriented organisations: a practical framework based on project life cycle and project management body of knowledge
Authors: Omid Haass; Neda Azizi
Addresses: School of Property, Construction and Project Management, RMIT University, Swanston Street City Campus, Building 8, Level 7, Room 60, Australia ' School of Information and Communication Technology, Griffith University, Room 2.15 Building N44, Nathan Campus, Brisbane, Australia
Abstract: Project-oriented organisations suffer from knowledge scattering and detachment phenomena on one hand and high potential of knowledge generation on the other hand. These features cause challenges to organisations and increase their need to apply knowledge management particularly knowledge sharing practices. One of the challenges facing project-oriented organisations in establishing knowledge management is choosing an appropriate method for knowledge sharing. Successful implementation of this process in project-oriented organisations, requires identification and study of knowledge sharing approaches, models, tools and techniques. To address this concern, this study commences with the identification of different methods used for knowledge sharing in project-oriented organisations. At the next stage, the identified methods were then classified based on different mechanisms defined for knowledge sharing and by incorporating the opinions of practitioners in the knowledge management area. A practical framework based on ten knowledge areas according to the PMI Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) 6th ed. guide and the opinions of the practitioners was developed.
Keywords: knowledge management; project-oriented organisation; project life cycle; knowledge sharing; project management body of knowledge; PMBOK; project organisation; project management; knowledge transfer; framework.
International Journal of Project Organisation and Management, 2019 Vol.11 No.2, pp.171 - 197
Received: 09 Feb 2018
Accepted: 13 Sep 2018
Published online: 24 Jun 2019 *