Title: Validation of a two-step simplified compatible homogenisation approach extended to out-plane loaded masonries
Authors: Elisa Bertolesi; Luis Carlos Silva; Gabriele Milani
Addresses: ICITECH, Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, Camino de Vera s/n 46022, Valencia, Spain ' Department of Civil Engineering, ISISE, University of Minho, Azurém, 4800-058 Guimarães, Portugal ' Department of Architecture, Built Environment and Construction engineering (ABC), Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133, Milan, Italy
Abstract: A two-step homogenisation model, formulated by the authors for the in-plane case, is herein extended for the nonlinear out-of-plane analysis of masonry structures. A rectangular running bond elementary cell is discretised by 24 elastic CST elements and inelastic zero-thickness interfaces. The mechanical meso-scale problem is briefly recalled, whereas the out-of-plane homogenised behaviour is evaluated by means of a simple on-thickness integration of the in-plane homogenised curves. At a macro-scale, the rigid body and spring model is slightly modified to allow both flexural and torsional failure mechanisms. The validation of the numerical approach is achieved comparing with some full-scale masonry panels tested in two-way bending up to failure. A series of nonlinear structural analyses are conducted considering different parameters, which have been varied during the experimental campaign. The numerical results are promising and demonstrate the capability to deal with different failure mechanisms as result of a combination of various experimental aspects.
Keywords: masonry; in-plane loads; out of plane loads; semi-analytical approach; compatible model of homogenisation.
International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation, 2019 Vol.4 No.3, pp.265 - 296
Received: 20 Sep 2017
Accepted: 25 Apr 2018
Published online: 03 Jun 2019 *