Title: Monotonic tests on masonry elements with different angles of inclination of the bed joints under uniaxial compression

Authors: Marius Weber; Akanshu Sharma; Jan Hofmann

Addresses: Institute for Construction Materials, University of Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany ' Institute for Construction Materials, University of Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany ' Institute for Construction Materials, University of Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany

Abstract: This paper describes the results from monotonic tests performed on masonry elements with different angles of inclination of the bed joints relative to the horizontal under uniaxial compression. Two different types of bricks (calcium-silicate and clay bricks) were tested under uniaxial compression stress state. The main test parameter was the angle of inclination of the bed joints, which was varied between 0 and 90 degrees in the interval of 15 degrees. The tests were performed in displacement control in order to capture the post-peak response of the masonry elements as well. The applied displacements were increased monotonically. During the tests, main measurements were performed to measure the edge deformation, detection of strain on the masonry surface using a photogrammetric method, and documentation of the crack propagation and fracture behaviour. The strength and the stiffness properties, as well as stress-strain relationships as a function of the angle of inclination of the bed joints and the comparison between the principle directions of stresses and strains is reported here.

Keywords: compression test; inclined bed joints; monotonic loading; macromodel.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMRI.2019.100569

International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation, 2019 Vol.4 No.3, pp.243 - 264

Received: 16 Sep 2017
Accepted: 07 Mar 2018

Published online: 03 Jun 2019 *

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