Title: Gender dimension of migration decisions in Ghana: the reinforcing role of anticipated welfare of climatic effect

Authors: Franklin Amuakwa-Mensah; Victoria Nyarkoah Sam; Evelyne Nyathira Kihiu

Addresses: Department of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Box 7013, S-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden ' Department of Banking and Finance, University of Professional Studies, P.O. Box LG 149, Legon, Accra, Ghana ' School of Business and Economics, University of Embu, P.O. Box 6-60100, Embu County, Kenya

Abstract: The concept of migration has been a male phenomenon in time past, however, there has been a change in events as females are gradually gaining dominance in migration patterns in recent times. Using nationwide survey data this paper investigates the determinants of internal migration decisions for males and females in Ghana. We examined whether there is any significant differences in how climate elements together with anticipated welfare gains and socio-economic factors explain internal migration decision of males and females. We find some variations in the determinants of migration decisions for males and female, though these decisions are significantly affected by anticipated welfare gain, socio-economic factors and climate conditions. We observed that females respond more to climate or environmental elements than males. Moreover, the effect of climate on migration decisions for both males and females is reinforced by anticipated welfare gain.

Keywords: climate; environment; males; females; migration; Heckman two-stage; Ghana.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCEE.2019.100559

International Journal of Computational Economics and Econometrics, 2019 Vol.9 No.3, pp.181 - 201

Accepted: 12 May 2017
Published online: 04 Jul 2019 *

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