International Journal of Value Chain Management (7 papers in press)
Fault Diagnosis and Prioritization in Sugar Industry: A Fuzzy-AHP Approach
by Fatemeh Khorramrouz, Masoud Rahiminezhad Galankashi
Abstract: The main aim of this study is to develop a Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP) model to prioritize the faults of the sugar industry. Although the concept of fault diagnosis has been discussed in previous studies, fault diagnosis of sugar industry is not investigated yet. To fill this gap, this study is carried out in three main phases as follows. Firstly, the general faults of industries are developed from the previous literature. Secondly, the developed faults are investigated with regard to their availability in sugar industry. Finally, a FAHP model is applied to prioritize the faults of sugar industry. According to the results, old technology, improper financing, poor research and development and lack of creativity and innovation are four main faults of sugar industry, respectively. Some managerial implications are suggested to deal with these faults and improve the performance of this industry.
Keywords: Fault Diagnosis; Sugar Industry; Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP).
Value chains and comparative advantage assessment of the Ghanaian cashew sector
by Richard Bannor, Steffen Abele, Samuel Kwabena Chaa Kyire, Helena Oppong-Kyeremeh, Emmanuel Mensah
Abstract: The study investigated the value chains and comparative advantage of cashew production and marketing in the Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana. A SWOT analysis of the Ghanaian cashew industry was also carried out and the comparative advantage of the industry estimated, using the Domestic Resource Cost ratio concept. The results of the value chain analysis revealed that farmers earn more on the marketing channel with no retailer/wholesaler. Similarly, the end users (exporters) also get produce at lower cost. Producers share in end-users Ghana Cedis for a channel involving retailer/wholesaler (channel III) was 62.3% against 64.3% for channels without retailer/wholesaler (channel I and II). The result of Domestic Resource Cost Ratio (DRCR) was less than unity in both cashew production and trade, indicating a greater comparative advantage for the cashew industry.
Keywords: Cashew;Comparative Advantage;Domestic Resource Cost;Brong Ahafo.
Analysis of Cassava Value Chain in Nigeria: Pro-poor approach and Gender Perspective.
by Temidayo Apata
Abstract: In Nigeria, cassava has moved from a little yielding deprivation standby crop to great bouncy money yielding products with its many other usages for livestock feeds, food and agro-industry raw materials. This study examines the chain processes of cassava processes and identifies value along the chain with a gendered perspective. The study was conducted in Southwest, Nigeria and choice were done systematically to select 250 cassava growers. Data were analyzed by means of factor analysis and Poisson model. Results showed that most cassava male growers traded cassava in garden-fresh form exclusive of value, while female growers transformed cassava from its garden-fresh form and thus adding value along the chain for income increase. Female cassava farmers recognize that there are markets when cassava is transformed from its garden-fresh form. Consequently, it is essential to encourage suitable processing technologies for cassava products and effective contact with marketing information.
Keywords: Cassava Value Chain; Factors Analysis; Pro-poor; Women Entrepreneurship; Nigeria.
Determinants of marketing channel choice among smallholder beef cattle farmers in Ghana's Forest-Savannah Transitional zone
by John K. M. Kuwornu
Abstract: This study sought to understand the determinants of market channel choice among smallholder beef cattle farmers in Ghanas Forest-Savannah Transitional zone. Data was collected from 200 farmers through the administration of a structured questionnaire and analysed using a multinomial logit regression model. The results revealed that the producers level of education, herd size, mode of payment and price for cattle sold positively influence the producers choice of marketing channel, whereas the quantity beef cattle sold, the reason for production, farmer access to extension services, years of farming experience, membership of a producers association and marketing cost negatively influenced the choice of marketing channel. The role of farmer-based associations, standardization of the beef cattle trade, provision of market information to the producers, and profiling of the producers based on the basis of their production capacity are critical for the improvement of the businesses of the beef cattle farmers.
Keywords: Beef value chain; extension services; Ghana; livestock farming; multinomial logit regression.
Strategic fit between innovation strategies and supply chain strategies: a conceptual study
by Ricardo Zimmermann
Abstract: Considering the importance of innovation and supply chain (SC) management for firms competitiveness and the growing interest for the relationship between these two areas, this conceptual paper aims to answer the following research question: how does the fit between the different innovation strategies and SC strategies influence business performance? A literature review was conducted as the basis for developing a conceptual framework, using the principles of resource-based view and contingency theory. Different innovation and SC strategies are studied and discussed with respect to the expected effects of fit on business performance. Five propositions and a conceptual framework are presented showing the complexity of the relationship between both strategies. The conceptual model put forward helps to advance research in the area allowing for an interrelationship between innovation and SC strategies, something that has not been adequately researched, and provides insights for managers who are seeking substantive improvement of business performance.
Keywords: innovation strategies; supply chain strategies; strategic fit; conceptual study.
The Future of Competitive Intelligence in an AI-Enabled World
by Fred Hoffman, Shelly Freyn
Abstract: Competitive intelligence consultancies are a subset of the management consulting industry, and along with business intelligence and knowledge management, competitive intelligence represents one leg of the commercial intelligence triad. Business intelligence and knowledge management benefit considerably from Big Data and artificial intelligence. As Big Data, Big Data analytics, and artificial intelligence continue to significantly transform countless industries, some have asserted these technologies will disrupt the management consulting world and could even render the role of the human analyst obsolete. This article examines the future of competitive intelligence in an AI-enabled world and identifies trends and proposed changes that will enable competitive intelligence to remain both relevant and valued for decades to come.
Keywords: Competitive intelligence; Artificial Intelligence; Business intelligence; Big Data.
Transportation Lead Time in Perishable Food Value Chain: An Indian Perspective
by Saurav Negi, Lincoln Wood
Abstract: This paper examines the factors leading to high lead time in transportation stage of perishable food supply chain in India, which impact the quality of food and ultimately results in food losses. This study is motivated by the criticality of transportation in the North Indian region and increasing food losses and wastage. Mango and tomato supply chains are used in this research as they are dominant and economically important industries in parts of India. The research first used a survey-based questionnaire from the transporters who are responsible for transporting the fresh produce from the farms at Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand (India) to Asias largest wholesale Fruit and Vegetable market (Mandi) in Azadpur, Delhi. The data were analyzed separately each of mangos and tomatoes using factor analysis to identify the factors affecting transportation lead time. Based on the analysis, five factors were identified that are affecting the transportation lead time in both supply chains. The identified factors are Infrastructure, Imprudence, Continuous Verification & Frisking, Connectivity, and Resources/Transportation facilities. It was evident that Infrastructure & Imprudence in mangos and Connectivity & Infrastructure in tomatoes are the most important factors affecting transportation lead time in the perishable food value chain. Interviews were conducted with food supply chain experts to gain insight into practical measures that can be taken to reduce transportation lead times.
Keywords: Transportation Lead Time; Food Logistics and Supply Chain; Logistics Infrastructure; Value Chain; Food Losses and Wastages.