International Journal of Technology and Globalisation (2 papers in press)
Cassava Bread in Nigeria: The potential of orphan crop innovation for building more resilient food systems
by Laura M. Pereira
Abstract: Achieving global food security sustainably is a great challenge in the 21st century. This paper proposes that orphan crop innovation has the potential to help address this need. Using the case study of cassava bread in Nigeria, it demonstrates the barriers to and mechanisms for developing innovation systems for orphan crops. It finds that the goal-oriented search for cassava bread was successful, but that the wider systemic weakness that its invention was supposed to address required further interventions. Furthermore, when the benefits of a specific product do not accrue directly to the end-users, but are felt further up the supply chain, it is difficult to incentivise the private sector to invest in these types of innovation because there is no clear target market. This requires collaboration and trust between public and private sector actors, which is especially important due to ethical concerns in bridging formal technological innovation with traditional knowledge systems.
Keywords: Orphan crops; Neglected and Underutilised species; Innovation; Food Security; Food system resilience; Cassava; Nigeria.
WEALTH CREATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES:LINKING TECHNO-ECONOMIC-SOCIAL NETWORKS.
by Carlos Scheel
Abstract: It is common to observe how some European countries have been able to develop programs involving the creation of alliances of socio-economic cohesion, with benefits for all their members. In developing countries, the circumstances are quite different; there are no bonds, trust, or strong associativity between economic generators (companies) and their supporting institutions (government, federations, banks and academy). Their national competitiveness agendas and strategies based on industrial clusters are non-existent because of their poor regional enabling conditions, their inadequate resources, limited capabilities and the weak relational capital among all stakeholders, required for assembling these complex organizational structures.
To help alleviate this situation, the WIT Model (Wealth creation based on innovation and enabling technologies) has been developed. Within this framework, the engines of economic growth, the thrusters of regional development, together with their structural complements, are all empowered and articulated by a systemic enabling environment, capable of supporting network economies, industrial ecosystems and regional innovation systems, with a purpose: to transform scarce resources, hostile conditions and poor associativity relationships into poles of attractive regions, with competitive industries and innovative companies capable of producing great added and differential value, strongly inter-related with the social and environmental capital in their communities. A more recently version of the WIT Model, has been developed, which adds sustainable wealth creation, called SWIT, which articulates all the stakeholders of the ecosystem, the economic, the social and the environmental actors.
Keywords: Increasing economic returns; industrial clusters; techno-economic-social enabling environments; regional innovation systems; sustainable wealth creation; developing countries.