International Journal of Social Media and Interactive Learning Environments (15 papers in press)
- Facebook research from educational technology perspective: Analysis of doctoral dissertations in the US universities
by Myint Swe Khine
Abstract: Facebook has been growing exponentially as a dominant social networking site among users including students, teachers and administrators in the schools to faculty and administrative staff members in the universities. In recent years the use of Facebook as an educational technology tool ignites frequent discussion among educators and researcher alike in the academia. This study analyses doctoral dissertations on Facebook research submitted to the universities in the United States. It identifies major categories and topics, describes the trends and discusses gaps in the research area from the educational technology perspectives. The study selects 15 doctoral dissertations and analyses the research aims, methodologies and the findings. The study proposes four overlapping categories namely, Facebook as a tool, Facebook effects, Facebook usage and Privacy and disclosure. The analysis reveals that Facebook research in educational technology is still largely exploratory, using diverse theories. (140 words)
Keywords: Facebook; Review; Educational Technology; Social networks; University; Learning; Students
- Use of iPad for teaching and learning: a review of the literature
by Chrystella Lee
Abstract: The use of iPad in schools is increasingly prevalent. However, being a new technology, there is a need to ascertain how best the iPad could be leveraged on to enhance teaching and learning. This paper aims to find out students and teachers experiences in using the iPad for teaching and learning. For this purpose, 18 empirical, peer-reviewed articles were read to investigate the perceptions of students and teachers on the use of the iPad. While the iPad is found to enhance learning and teaching processes, provide seamless learning spaces and increase time for learning due to better productivity, tensions arise due to the distraction posed by the device, disparity in students and teachers views on its use and the need for teachers to change their roles when teaching and learning with the iPad. Considerations for better integration of the iPad in teaching and learning include providing adequate technical support and time for initial iPad familiarisation and focusing the professional development for teachers to build their skills, knowledge and attitudes towards the use of the iPad.
Keywords: iPad; technology; iPad in education, iPad for teaching; iPad for learning; tensions; schools; student perceptions; teacher perceptions; device limitations, integration considerations
- A Literature Review on Peer Assessment
by Hiang Meng Low
Abstract: The use of peer assessment as an alternative form of assessment is reported to be helpful in learning and is increasingly being adopted in higher education overseas and even in Primary Schools in Singapore. People had been talking about peer assessment way back in the 20th century 1980s. Drawing on literature until end January of 2013, we reviewed past empirical research studies and peer-reviewed articles on peer assessment in the educational settings. This review is organized into two topics: the implementation strategies of peer assessment and the problems encountered and potential problems during implementation of peer assessment. The conclusions suggest that peer assessment can be implemented and its benefits are evident. Several limitations of previous literature were discussed. We conclude by providing some recommendations to some of the discussions and also some recommendations for future research related to peer assessment in the educational settings.
Keywords: peer assessment; peer evaluation; peer review; peer feedback.
- A case study of using LinkedIn for Professional Development
by Lynn, Eng Li Yap, Qiyun Wang
Abstract: LinkedIn, one of the worlds largest professional networks, has the potential to become a professional development tool for adults. This mixed-methods research provides an insight on how adults use LinkedIn group and explores adults perception on using LinkedIn group for their professional development. Findings show that adults use LinkedIn for sharing resources professionally. The results show that while adults are basically satisfied with the technological and pedagogical affordances LinkedIn offer for professional development, there are mixed-responses with regards to its social affordances. Using LinkedIn as a professional development tool also has its limitations such as privacy and professional authentication. This paper examines the content of an Instructional Design and E-learning Professionals Group in LinkedIn, analyses findings of the study and offers suggestions for future research.
Keywords: Social networking; social networking site; social media; web 2.0 learning; LinkedIn; professional development; professional use; constructivist learning theory; communities of practice; network of practice; technology
- Twitter in the Collaborative Classroom: Micro-blogging for in-class collaborative discussions
by Emma Mercier, Julie Rattray, Janet Lavery
Abstract: While small group discussion during undergraduate classes is an important pedagogic strategy, there are two primary concerns for instructors how to monitor the conversation that goes on within groups, and how to ensure that ideas that emerge within the groups become part of the classroom discourse. In this paper, we describe a design-experiment conducted in two sections of the same undergraduate education class, exploring the use of Twitter, and a shared display of the Twitter-chat, to address these issues. We describe three iterations of the use of Twitter in the classes, and our reflections on how it influenced the teaching experience. Data from student surveys indicates that students had minimal experience using Twitter for academic activities prior to participation in this class and that they felt Twitter was a valuable tool to support their in-class learning activities. The teaching team found that the use of Twitter kept students on task and focused on the activity, but expressed some concern about the depth of engagement with ideas during the task.
Keywords: Twitter; CSCL; collaborative learning; micro-blogging; higher education; technology-enhanced learning in classrooms.
- Students'use of the internet and social networking sites for learning at Sultan Qaboos University
by Ali Al Musawi, Mohammed Ammar
Abstract: Students increasingly use the internet and social networking sites but there is little research evidence of its use in fields of learning, specifically in the Arab educational environment. This study therefore investigates students useof the Internet and social networkingsites for learning activities and games at the Omani Sultan Qaboos University. To achieve the purpose of thestudy, a survey questionnaire was developed as the main research instrument. The tests for validity and reliability were conducted during a pilot study. The questionnaire was then administered to the study sample, which was purposive and included (73) educational technology course students who were aware of advanced media including social networking sites. Findings show that the internet and email are frequently used by students, wireless connections and mobile technologies spread quickly among the students, and students use search engines for educational purposes. Two research hypotheses were rejected and a third one was accepted. Conclusions and recommendations were then drawn.
Keywords: Social networking, SNS Use, Sultan Qaboos University
- Transformed framings on Facebook - Studentsâ€™ diverse linguistic repertoires in the context of practicing English as a second language
by Annika Lantz-Andersson
Abstract: The aim of this exploratory case study is to develop knowledge of social media as spaces for practicing mundane communication in a second language. A Facebook group was implemented, as part of English as a second language learning in secondary school classes, in Colombia, Finland and Sweden. Analytically, the study draws on sociocultural perspectives on learning, and adopts the concepts of framing and carnival. The results show that the students continuously re-frame the communication by using diverse linguistic repertoires. The students orient towards primary frameworks of second language learning but the framing of the communication is also transformed or keyed in line with their out-of-school social media vernacular into a kind of socialization or carnivalesque mundane chatting. By reflecting on evolving social literacy practices and reconsidering traditional institutional language learning perspectives, social media interactions are considered to enable the students to practice a communication of their everyday vernacular in a second language.
Keywords: Social media, English as a second language learning, Framing, Primary frameworks, Keying, Goffman, Carnival, Bakhtin, Facebook, Linguistic repertoires, Evolving literacies, Exploratory case study,
- Exploring web-based design and technology lessons in lower secondary classrooms: a case study
by Kian Leng Tay, Gwendoline Choon Lang Quek
Abstract: This study investigated the use of Google sites as the web-based technology to support secondary school students' learning of design and technology (D&T). Using qualitative survey, students reported their prior knowledge of e-learning and how the e-learning supported their learning. It was found that students did have certain misconceptions about what e-learning was about based on their prior e-learning experience. Despite these misconceptions, students were still able to recognise the benefits which e-learning brings. Students' reported positive and negative experiences in using Wikis supported by Google sites to engage their learning and the implications for educators and researchers will also be discussed in this paper.
Keywords: design and technology education; web-based D&T; e-learning; secondary schools; wikis; secondary education; case study; electronic learning; online learning; Google sites; student misconceptions; prior experience.
- Using social media to reach Chinese and South Asian communities in British Columbia: the story of a peer-led diabetes prevention programme on Facebook
by Erica Amari, Rebecca Barry, Xian Chong, Helen Novak Lauscher, Kendall Ho
Abstract: Minority populations can face cultural and accessibility barriers when seeking education and support for diabetes self-management. While culturally adapted education programmes have been studied, it has not been combined with the benefit of peer-support and the accessibility of social media. This project aimed to create and assess the feasibility, acceptability, and usability of a peer-led, culturally relevant diabetes prevention programme to be delivered over a popular social networking platform, Facebook, using mixed methods. Six participants of Chinese and South Asian ethnicities completed the 12-week programme led by a peer leader for each group. Interviews and scales were conducted before, during, and after the programme. Results indicated that the delivery of health information over Facebook is feasible and acceptable for those who are comfortable with social media. The peer leaders were engaged and the ability to view discussions was useful, though a larger group would have led to more robust discussions.
Keywords: social media; social networking; Chinese communities; South Asian communities; Punjabi communities; Canada; peer leader; prevention; Facebook; culture; peer support; feasibility; acceptability; usability; diabetes prevention; minority populations; ethnic minorities; cultural barriers; accessibility barriers; health information; diabetes self-management; diabetics.
- A literature review on peer assessment
by Hiang Meng Low, Qiyun Wang
Abstract: The use of peer assessment as an alternative form of assessment is reported to be helpful in learning and is increasingly being adopted in higher education overseas and even in primary schools in Singapore. People had been talking about peer assessment way back in the 20th century 1980s. Drawing on literature until end January of 2013, we reviewed past empirical research studies and peer-reviewed articles on peer assessment in the educational settings. This review is organised into two topics: the implementation strategies of peer assessment and the problems encountered and potential problems during implementation of peer assessment. The conclusions suggest that peer assessment can be implemented and its benefits are evident. Several limitations of previous literature were discussed. We conclude by providing some recommendations to some of the discussions and also some recommendations for future research related to peer assessment in the educational settings.
Keywords: peer assessment; peer evaluation; peer review; peer feedback; literature review; Singapore; education.
- Social media use and its implications on child behaviour: a study of a basic school in Ghana
by Naomi Amofah-Serwaa, Perpetua S. Dadzie
Abstract: The study explores the implication of social media use on child behaviour in a basic school in Ghana. A survey was conducted among pupils, teachers and parents of the school. Fifty-six pupils were served with questionnaires while ten teachers and 22 parents were interviewed. The findings reveal that Facebook is the most preferred social media site. About half the pupils indicated that the models they observe on social media sites have not affected their behaviour. Some positive implications reported by parents and teachers include improvement in reading habits, dressing and communication. Negative implications also reported involve distraction of pupils' attention from their studies, frequent use of Pidgin English as well as unnecessary fashion consciousness. The study recommends that parents should visit their children's online friends to see what they post and receive from friends. Furthermore, teachers must explain the advantages and danger of using social media to children and advise them of beneficial sites to visit.
Keywords: social media; child behaviour; pupils; interactive learning environments; Ghana; Facebook; pupil behaviour; parental behaviour; secondary education; reading habits; dressing; communication; distraction; Pidgin English; fashion consciousness; young people.
- Asynchronous online discussion activities to support university students' self-directed learning: opportunities and challenges identified
by Wing Sum Cheung, Khe Foon Hew
Abstract: Singapore has identified self-directed learning (SDL) as one of the key learning outcomes for her information technology in education master plan 3. However, teachers may not know how to design activities that could cater for student SDL, and students themselves may face difficulties in using this approach in their learning. We believe that the use of a particular social media tool, the asynchronous online discussion forum, could support students' SDL. The purpose of this paper is to share how we planned and implemented the use of an asynchronous online discussion forum along with the specific pedagogical activities. We will explain why this particular approach was able to foster students' self-direction in learning based on the empirical findings collected from 20 participants at the National Institute of Education (Singapore). We also discuss the opportunities and challenges of using this particular approach and suggest several relevant areas for future research.
Keywords: self-directed learning; asynchronous online discussion forums; pedagogical activities; higher education; Singapore; social media; student self-direction.
- Developing a learning mathematics environment on television
by Ratu Ilma Indra Putri
Abstract: The purposes of this paper are: 1) to share the process of designing a learning environment (LE) of two-dimensional geometric shapes on television (TV) for learning and to teach using realistic mathematics education (RME); 2) to describe how a learning mathematics environment on television was used by the teacher in the classroom. Design research approach was used in this study. The participants of this research were 20 primary school students. The data were collected from video recordings of classroom events. In this research, a sequence of instructional activities was designed and developed. Result shows that using education programmes on TV can improve education in Indonesia and the dissemination of the Indonesian version of realistic mathematics education (PMRI) in Indonesia.
Keywords: television; TV educational programmes; Pendidikan Matematika Realistik Indonesia; PMRI; 2D geometric shapes; learning environment; design research; mathematics education; primary schools; primary education; video recordings; classroom events; instructional activities; Indonesia.
Special Issue on: "Video-supported Online Virtual Classrooms,"
- Creation of an online public speaking class using web-conferencing
by Cara Cotellese, Mary Ellen Bornak, Georglyn Davidson
Abstract: The increase in demand for online degree programs has prompted the redevelopment of traditional face-to-face classes for online. This paper reviews the use of web conferencing to teach a 100% online public speaking class. It reviews the current state of public speaking as a required course in 2 and 4-year degree programs, explains the design, victories, challenges and experiences of the integration of web conferencing into this course, and discusses adapting this traditional face-to-face course to 100% online.
Keywords: public speaking, web conferencing, online, face-to-face, online degree programs, redevelopment, design
- Collaborative video blended learning for exercising higher-order thinking evaluation using Community of Inquiry Framework
by Etsuko Toyoda
Abstract: This paper presents findings from an examination of different learning experiences in students engaged in intercultural learning activities in a collaborative blended learning environment using video sharing, within a university foreign language course. Learning experience in the video collaborative blended learning environment was evaluated using Community of Inquiry Framework, focusing on cognitive presence in students with different cultural backgrounds. It was hypothesised that multicultural experience would enhance cognitive presence, as profound life experience could fuel higher-order thinking. The results of an in-depth analysis of diaries kept by six students (two international students, two local students with an Asian background, and two local students with a relatively monocultural background) indicated that while prior intercultural experience of individual students plays a key role, both teaching presence and social presence also affect the exercise of higher-order thinking.
Keywords: Community of Inquiry, intercultural-learning, collaborative-blended-learning, video, foreign language, learning experience, higher-order-thinking