International Journal of Sustainable Development (5 papers in press)
Closing the loop for resource efficiency, sustainable consumption and production: a critical review of the circular economy
by Mark Camilleri
Abstract: The circular economy proposition is not a novel concept. However, it has recently stimulated sustainable consumption and production ideas on remanufacturing, refurbishing and recycling of materials. A thorough literature review suggests that the circular economys regenerative systems are intended to minimise industrial waste, emissions, and energy leakages through the creation of long-lasting designs that improve resource efficiencies. In this light, this research critically analyses the circular economys closed loop systems. The findings suggest that this sustainable development model could unleash a new wave of operational improvements and enhanced productivity levels through waste management and the responsible use and reuse of materials in business and industry. In conclusion, this research implies that closed loop and product service systems could result in significant efficiencies in sustainable consumption and production of resources.
Keywords: circular economy; resource efficiency; corporate sustainability; creating shared value; corporate social responsibility; strategic CSR; stakeholder engagement; social responsibility; recycling resources; reusing resources; restoring resources; reducing resources.
Gender mainstreaming of the impacts of 2012 flood-induced migration on household livelihoods in Nigeria
by Chukwuedozie Ajaero, Arinze Mozie
Abstract: This study examined the impact of the 2012 flood disasters on the livelihoods of migrant male-headed (MHH) and female-headed households (FHH) in five rural Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Southeastern Nigeria. These LGAs were selected because they are situated on the banks of rivers, are vulnerable to floods, and are among the most badly devastated areas during the 2012 floods. Data were obtained using mixed methods comprising questionnaire surveys and key informant interviews. From each LGA, 60 households totaling 300 households were sampled. Descriptive statistics, asset index technique, and logistic regression were used for data analysis. The aggregate index for the MHHs decreased from 0.4600 before to 0.1000 after the floods, and from 0.5068 before to 0.0108 after the floods for the FHHs. Age, occupation, income and education were the most significant predictors of livelihood security for the MHHs while income was the major predictor of livelihhood security for the FHHs.
Keywords: female-headed households; 2012 floods; livelihoods; migration; Nigeria; male- headed households.
What are the sustainability principles guiding social life cycle assessment studies?
by Pauline Feschet, Nathalie Iofrida, Anna Irene De Luca, Federica Silveri, Alfio Strano
Abstract: Sustainable Development (SD) and sustainability are considered the main goals of Life Cycle (LC) methodologies. This paper has a double purpose: first, to reflect upon the methodological diversity in Social Life Cycle Assessment (SLCA) approaches by paying attention to the theoretical underpinnings in terms of sustainability and SD concepts; secondly, to investigate possible links between the sustainability principles and the different types of SLCA study. Therefore, a literature review has been conducted to investigate which have been the main sustainability and/or SD definitions that guided the authors in their LC studies and methodological proposals. Results showed that most of the references to sustainability and SD concepts are ascribable to three main schools of thoughts. We deduced a link between these main approaches to SD and the different types of SLCA, resulting in a different management of the research process (theory mobilised, methodology used, results provided).
Keywords: social LCA; life cycle assessment; life cycle sustainability assessment; sustainable development; sustainability.
Human well-being after 2015 Nepal earthquake: micro-evidence from one of the hardest hit rural villages
by Jeet Bahadur Sapkota
Abstract: This study assesses the human well-being in one of the most affected rural villages of Nepal, ten months after the 2015 earthquake, which had a magnitude of 7.8 on the Richter scale. Through a survey of 399 households, we found that the earthquake increased the poverty and out-of-school children by 9% and 7%, respectively. It also killed 17 people and injured 53 people seriously. Results also revealed that both objective as well as subjective human well-being is significantly associated with the degree of destruction, access to physical and social infrastructure, and the sociocultural identity of the respondents. These results have clear policy implications for the disaster risk reduction and sustainable reconstruction of the ruined rural areas.
Keywords: natural disasters; 2015 Nepal earthquake; human well-being; access to infrastructure; household survey; rural; sustainable reconstruction; Ramche; Sindhupalchok.
Livelihood vulnerability index: an application to assess the climate vulnerability status of inland small scale fishing livelihood
by Md Nazmus Sadekin, Jamal Ali, Rabiul Islam
Abstract: Nowadays, vulnerability is considered as a vital concept in the research of global change as well as in the research related to climate change. Climate change has been creating unprecedented impacts on natural and human systems, and is predicted to do more so in future. These impacts are predicted to lead to vulnerability in natural and human systems, such as fishing communities, agricultural communities, riverine livelihoods, etc. The livelihood systems of a fishery-based community, especially the livelihood of small scale fishing communities of inland open water areas, are severely affected by climate changes in different ways, and for this reason in-depth studies on vulnerability are necessary. The prime objective of this study is to develop an index to assess the climate vulnerability status of small scale fishing communities of inland open water areas. Here, the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) method is used to assess the climate vulnerability status of small scale fishing communities of inland open water area.
Keywords: climate change; vulnerability; inland fishing; small scale fisheries; livelihood.