International Journal of Internet Manufacturing and Services (16 papers in press)
Advances in Manufacturing Using 3D Printing a Managerial Perspective
by Toly Chen, Yu-Cheng Wang
Abstract: 3D printing is introducing revolutionary changes to manufacturing. The prevalence of 3D printers connected by the Internet also form a ubiquitous environment in which customers can easily access a nearby 3D printing facility, a phenomenon creating considerable business opportunities. However, some management issues on 3D printing for manufacturing were less frequently discussed, constituting a motive for this study. In this study, seven issues on the management of 3D technologies for manufacturing, including database management, trademark, copyright, and data security protection, business (including e-commerce) innovation, ubiquitous computing, lean enterprise management, and globalization and deglobalization, are discussed.
Keywords: 3D printing; ubiquitous manufacturing; lean enterprise management; globalization; deglobalization; mass customization.
Antecedents and performance consequences of external involvement in new product development
by Di Cai, Bing Liu, Zhenglin Zhang
Abstract: This study enriches the external involvement literature, through examining the impacts of demand uncertainty, supply uncertainty, technology uncertainty, top management support and information technology (IT) implementation on two dimensions of external involvement, and the effect of external involvement on firm performance. We propose and empirically test a comprehensive model using data collected in Chinese manufacturing companies. Our findings indicate that technology uncertainty and top management support have positive impacts on both customer involvement and supplier involvement. IT implementation has a significantly positive impact on customer involvement but has no significant impact on supplier involvement. The results also suggest that demand uncertainty and supply uncertainty do not impact on either customer involvement or supplier involvement. Both customer involvement and supplier involvement can improve firm performance significantly.
Keywords: Customer involvement; supplier involvement; new product development; business environment; firm performance; China.
An Open and Web-based StepNC manufacturing system (OW-StepNC)
by Ajay Konapala, Ramji Koona
Abstract: STandard for the Exchange of Product model data (STEP) is an emerging comprehensive data model from ISO fulfilling the needs of Product life cycle. STEP-NC is an enhancement to STEP for operating NC machines which are under development since many years. Industries, research organizations, academia developed many tools and techniques to avail STEP-NC implementation. Yet STEP-NC is not well appreciated by real time manufacturers due to inertia with ISO 6983 (G/M Code) data format, upon which wide range of controllers are available. Contemporarily, open standards & open source enables the interoperability with a positive impact on innovation, growth, and competitiveness. Internet of Things (IoT), social manufacturing are becoming popular and attracting researchers and industries with their advantages in developing global infrastructure with masses. In this regard, an attempt is made to understand research efforts on STEP-NC manufacturing over last decade, for data models, machining technologies and platforms of implementation. Consequently, a complete Open and Web-based StepNC (OW-StepNC) manufacturing system is proposed to gain benefits from STEP-NC, open source, web technologies. The system still makes use of ISO 6983 allowing masses to participate for production and throws new opportunities via IoT for global manufacturing infrastructure development as well as to gain intended benefits from STEP-NC. Methodology and development status of the proposed OW-StepNC system is explained with the aid of framework and GUIs
Keywords: STEP-NC; ISO14649; Open Source; web technologies; IoT; Web Manufacturing.
Online-Retailer Pricing and Order Strategies Based on the Quality of Fresh Agricultural Products and Distribution Preference of Consumers
by Qianwen Liu, Shun Zhang, Yuan Zhao
Abstract: Under the e-commerce of fresh agricultural products, this article focuses on the issue that how consumers p towards delivery speed and quality of fresh agricultural products affect ordering strategies of the supply chain. Through elasticity indexes of the quality of fresh agricultural products and consumers bias towards distribution speed, this article reflects consumers preference to distribution speed and sensitivity of agricultural products freshness, and further fixes the pricing and ordering model of profits maximization which is based on powerful online-retailers expectation.
Keywords: Online-retailer; E-commerce; Speed preference of delivery; Quality of fresh agricultural products; Pricing and Ordering Strategy.
Research on the Choice of Industries in Hebei Province Under the Coordinated Development of Jing-Jin-Ji Region Considering Emission Reduction
by Mingli Zhang, Yuanwei Bian, Suyun Ding
Abstract: The 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) convened its fifth plenary session in Beijing,which put forward that we have to firmly establish and effectively implement five development concept, Innovation, Coordination, Green ,Open and Shared. The concept of green is included in the national development stratage for the first time, which means the concept of green plays an important role in the development of our country's economy.The Coordinated Development for the Jing-Jin-Ji Region calls for the optimization and upgrading of the industrial structure , promoting the rapid development of the regional economy.,As the Industrial Transfer and Industrial Undertaking are the important means to realize the optimization and upgrading of industrial structure. So we study the Industrial Undertaking for Hebei province considering protecting the environment. Firstly of all , define the comparison of environmental input-output rates, then use it to improve the Industrial gradient coefficient . Secondly , according to the Theory of industrial transfer make short-term choice to undertake industries in Hebei province. Thirdly, using the Co-integration and Impulse Response to make the long-term selection on undertaking industry of Hebei province. Finally, comprehensive short and long term selection we make the conclusion is that textile and garment, apparel industry, leather feathers and fur products and shoe industry, furniture manufacturing, wholesale and retail, catering accommodation production and education is the key to undertake industry in hebei province.
Keywords: Jing-Jin-Ji Region; Undertake industry choice; Impulse response;Improved industrial gradient coefficient.
A PROMETHEE method for priority decision of functional objective on manufacturing system
by Wei Xu, Lina Liu, Qingshan Zhang
Abstract: After analyzing the characteristics of decision of functional objective on manufacturing system, the decision of functional objective problem will be divided into two aspects of advantage orientation and important strength to consider and establish priority functional form meeting the functional objective orientation, combined with adjustable entropy method to identify important strength of the index. PROMETHEE method(Preference Ranking Organization Method for Enrichment and Evaluation) was used to determine the priority of functional objective on manufacturing system, and also due consideration was explored to the relevant knowledge and experience of experts, which has high comprehensive and reliability.
Keywords: Functional objective;Manufacturing system;Priority function;Multi-objective decision.
R&D Planning of Manufacturing Industry: A Systematic Method Based on SITRM
by JianMin Li
Abstract: Industrial technology roadmapping (ITRM) offers an important tool for technology R&D planning in manufacturing industry. However, previous studies cannot support the R&D planning and management in practical applications since they remain conceptual and lack of robustness in a volatile environment. In response, this research uses scenario planning and Bayesian network to support R&D planning for developing an ITRM. The first step is to construct the scenarios which are used as inputs for the scenario-based technology roadmapping (SITRM). Second, a Bayesian network topology model of SITRM is developed, in order to display various states of random variables and the uncertainty in relationships between nodes uncertainty of SITRM. Finally, based on probability deduction methods of Bayesian network, a quantitative analysis process and calculation model in supporting technology R&D planning was performed. As an illustrative example, Light Emitting Diode industry in Guangdong is presented to show the feasibility of this method.
Keywords: R&D planning; Scenario based-Industrial Technology Roadmapping; Scenario Planning; Manufacturing Industry.
A hybrid optimization algorithm for production scheduling problem with random orders arriving
by Xixing Li, Shunsheng Guo, Yi Liu, Lei Wang
Abstract: Production scheduling problem is a very important functional in the modern manufacturing system, and which greatly impacts the efficiency and capacity of the manufacturing system. It has been proved to be a NP-hard problem and cant be well solved based on traditional algorithms. Therefore, it is very necessary to develop efficiency algorithms which can obtain a good production plan with approximate optimal solution in a reasonable time. In this paper, a new method based on integrated genetic algorithm and tabu search is proposed, and which can feasibly balance the exploitation ability and exploration ability and exploitation ability of calculation. Also the solution encoding and decoding, crossover and mutation operator, tabu search strategies have been illustrated. In order to evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm, one experiment has been carried out and the comparisons among them are also presented. The result shows that the proposed algorithm can obtain satisfactory solutions, and also it is applied to solve the production scheduling problem in a practical textile machine manufacturing enterprise.
Keywords: Hybrid optimization algorithm; Production scheduling; Genetic algorithm; Random orders’ arriving.
Synergetic operation optimization of inland ports based on an eM-Plant simulation model
by Lei Yang, Zenan Zhang
Abstract: Export-oriented economy is losing steam because of an uncertain outlook for the international economy, which brings back the attention to internal-oriented economy politically. Though holding a balanced status in domestic transportation system, inland ports are still mostly manual operated inefficiently. A huge amount of energy is wasted due to unnecessary delay and low utilization of equipment. Based on the case of a southern China inland port in Zhaoqing city, this paper introduces the synergetic theory to job scheduling and berth assignment field of the container terminal. An optimization mathematical model is presented to maximize the synergetic operation rate by rebuilding the time sequence and docking sequence. A genetic algorithm is designed to enhance convergence. We test our mathematical model through an eM-Plant simulation model based on the case of Zhaoqing Port. The result suggests that synergetic operation could improve operation efficiency and reduce fuel consumption.
Keywords: synergetic theory; terminal handling operations; inland ports; genetic algorithm; eM-Plant.
Develop an Interactive Value-Added Capability Index System and Determination Model of Supply Chains based on Generalized Value Co-creation Insight
by Xiao-le WAN, Qing-chun Meng
Abstract: Value co-creation is an effective method of realizing supply chain appreciation, and the core of value co-creation is interaction. This paper analyzes the appreciation behavior of supply chain from 4 aspects of interaction between enterprises alliance, interaction between enterprise alliance and consumer, interaction between consumers group and interaction between other parties. On this basis, build up appreciation capability index system of supply chain, and set up the appreciation capability determination model of supply chain in order to measure the appreciation capability of supply chain.
Keywords: value co-creation; supply chain; interactive value-added; behavior analysis; capacity determination.
The Equilibrium Model of Dual Channel Closed-loop Supply Chain Network Based on Carbon Trading and Carbon Tax
by Chunfang Guo
Abstract: In this paper, on the basis that carbon trading and carbon tax are brought into the category of the carbon management, an equilibrium model of a dual channel closed-loop supply chain network is developed. Many decision-makers and their independent behaviors are fully processed based on the variational inequality theory and Lagrange duality theory. Based on the above analysis, a finite-dimensional variational inequality formulation is established. Besides, qualitative properties of the equilibrium model and a modified projection algorithm are given.
Keywords: dual channel; carbon trading; carbon tax; closed-loop supply chain network;.
Research on the development of agricultural products logistics in China based on ISM model
by Yuhan Wang, Wenbing Wu, Shuxiang Wang
Abstract: Agricultural products logistics is of great significance to regulating the supply and demand, protecting the income of peasant households, and increasing the added value of agricultural products. The agricultural products logistics in China has the characteristics of long chain, multiple nodes, and many influencing factors, which makes it difficult for the government and enterprises to find the effective focus of resource allocation. In view of this situation, this paper summarizes 13 key factors that affect the development of agricultural products logistics in China on basis of the connotation of agricultural products logistics, in combination with actual development and expert opinions. Then, the paper establishes 5-level hierarchical structure of those factors in the use of interpretive structural modelling (ISM), which intuitively reflects the hierarchical association among the influencing factors. Finally, according to the 5-level hierarchical structure, this paper puts forward targeted development suggestions for relevant departments and enterprises.
Keywords: agricultural products logistics; interpretive structural modelling; influencing factors; China.
The Production Strategy for 2 Products Considering Stochastic Demand under Cap-and-Trade Regulation
by Hua He, Changsong Ma, Zhenyu Luo, Xiangchao Liu
Abstract: This paper deals with a production model involving 1 manufacturer who produces 2 products. One product adopts green technology and we term the product as green product, and the other product, with regular production technique, termed regular product. In this paper, we formulate models to examine the impact of production for 2 products under cap-and-trade policy. Analytical results are obtained: With cap-and-trade policy, the manufactures maximum quantity for product 1 and product 2 is lower than the case without carbon emission constraint, and the expected profit of the manufacturer under this situation depends on initial allowance. To cope with the increasing awareness of environmental protection, firms are required to apply some green technologies to produce greener products. General economics concepts are achieved. That is, the green technology input could improve the manufactures normal product quantities and expected profit to some degree.
Keywords: 2 products; cap-and-trade; stochastic demand; production strategy.
Special Issue on: ICSS 2017 Big Data and Big Services for Internet-based Enterprises
The optimization design of cooling water channel for calibrator based on Kriging and NSGA-II
by Jianjing Jin, Yibing Li, Donglin Song, Lei Wang
Abstract: Abstract: Calibrator plays an important role in the shaping of the cooling in the plastic profile production. In this paper, a simplified model with the specific length was used as the analysis example. The multi-objective optimization for the water channel position of the model was carried out based on the modern intelligent algorithm. In order to realize the uniform distribution of the surface temperature of the profile, the position parameters and the diameter of the cooling water channel were taken as the design variables. Then Kriging model was established on the basis of Latin hypercube sampling, and the above variables were optimized based on NSGA-II. Finally, the optimized channel parameters were obtained. Compared with the initial scheme, the temperature distribution of the profile surface was uniform. Finally, the effectiveness and applicability of the design method of the chilled water channel parameters of the calibrator based on NSGA-II were verified.
Keywords: Calibrator; Kriging model; NSGA-II; Optimization.
Mining QoS benchmark of resource-service chain for collaborative tasks
by Haibo Li, Yafeng Gao
Abstract: To improve the efficiency and quality of resource services selection in collaborative task systems, the temporal relationship between the resource services should be taken into account. At the same time, the changing market requires a dynamic selection benchmark. QoS (Quality of Service) as the main basis for the selection of resource services, mining the business data set to develop the QoS benchmark has a good objectivity and dynamic. Taking Manufacturing as a typical collaborative process, based on the resource service chain (RSC, Resource Service Chain) formed by the scheduling order of resource services, an approach called the QoSB-RSC (mining method for QoS Benchmark of RSC) is proposed to obtain the QoS benchmark of RSC. By comparing the QoS similarity between scheduling instances of RSC, mining the cluster centers from business data set as the QoS benchmark. The performance of the QoSB-RSC is verified by experiment and case analysis, indicating that it has positive significance to improve the efficiency and quality of resource services selection.
Keywords: collaborative tasks; QoS benchmark; resource service chain; mining.
Testing Job Characteristics Model: Empirical Research on Service-Oriented Organizations in China
by Xueliang Pei, Yang Yang, Yingying Su, Longfang Xue
Abstract: In service-oriented organizations, employees job characteristics and motivations are important to improving organizational performance. The job characteristics model is a classical model that links job characteristics, job motivation, and organizational performance; however, theoretical and empirical research on this model is insufficient. Therefore, a theoretical model of relationships among employees job characteristics, job motivation, and work outcomes is proposed. We took service-oriented organizations in China as our sample and conducted empirical research on data from 209 valid samples. The results showed the following: (1) job autonomy and task significance positively affected personal outcomes, and skill variety and job autonomy positively affected work-related outcomes; (2) skill variety, job feedback, and task significance were positively related to inner psychological needs, while skill variety, job autonomy, and task significance were positively related to work interest; and (3) job motivation had different mediating effects on the relationship between employees job characteristics and work outcomes.
Keywords: Service-oriented organization; job characteristics model; job characteristics; job motivation; work outcomes; skill variety; task identity; task significance; autonomy; feedback; inner psychological needs; work interest; personal outcomes; work-related outcomes.