International Journal of Green Economics (4 papers in press)
Modeling the Enablers for Implementation of Green Manufacturing in Indian Automobile Industries
by Vikram Sharma, Naveen Virmani
Abstract: Studying and implementing green concepts and strategies has become a challenge for many organizations. Although, it is the primary aim of an organization to maximize productivity and profits, environmentalist believe that using green concepts in manufacturing products should be assigned the same priority level. Automobile industry in India contributes significantly to its economy as well as provides employment to a large chunk of skilled manpower. Yet, if the industry does not follow the green standards and enabling technologies, it will ultimately accelerate environmental degradation. Government has an imperative role to ensure that the green strategies are implemented effectively. Green products can be recycled and the problem of disposal of wastes can be addressed. In this paper, enablers of Green Manufacturing have been identified and Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM) approach has been applied to propose a hierarchical framework that can help the managers to implement the Green concepts in Indian automobile industry with relative ease. The current research will help the managers to identify the key enablers of green manufacturing so that the products are manufactured without any ill effect on environment.
Keywords: Green Manufacturing; Green Products; ISM; India.
An Empirical Survey of the Ramifications of a Green Economy
by Almas Heshmati
Abstract: The unprecedented deterioration of the global environment has increased the necessity of relying on green economic policies as critical and effective environmental management tools. The current situation has stimulated extensive research and debate among global interest groups. This in turn has fostered an ever-growing volume of literature that provides a picture of the best measures affecting the establishment of the green economy, including its development and outcomes. This paper provides a survey of the green economy in a form that non-specialist readers will be able to understand. First, it reviews the recent developments in the green economy -- its theoretical foundation, political background and developmental strategies towards genuine, sustainable development. It then discusses the circular economy, networks, organizations, policies, infrastructure and measurable expected effects. Since the theoretical and empirical results and findings regarding the green economy and its practice lead to a number of conclusions regarding measuring improvements, outcomes and identifying causal effects, the paper next discusses these. Finally, it provides summaries of current and possible future green development tendencies with a focus on directions, policy, organizations, capacity, areas and interventions and provides extensions that can serve as optimal directions for future research and policy.
Keywords: Green economy; green political economy; sustainable development; development strategy; circular economy; green jobs.
Green Economics and Value Chain Analysis of a Cultivated Medicinal Plant (Pipla) from India
by Anushiv Rajpoot, Pradeep Chaudhry
Abstract: In this paper, we have discussed economics and the value chain for a medicinal plant Piper longum Linn. cultivated by village-based marginal farmers from Odisha state of India, whose livelihoods are significantly supported by the commercial scale production of this plant. A field-based investigation was carried out in Koraput district of Odisha state of south east India, where a total of 250 households from eight villages were found engaged in the production of this medicinal plant species. We also carried out field survey in other places like Madgul in nearby Andhra Pradesh state and later in Delhi to analyze marketing and value chain of this plant at middlemen and wholesale dealer level respectively. The findings revealed that the primary and wholesale secondary markets are mostly dominated by middlemen who cause inflated prices due to lack of competition in the medicinal plants value chain. Some steps which need to be taken at the Central and State Governments level to improve upon the conditions of poor growers of this plant and for improved marketing of medicinal plants in the country, have been suggested.
Keywords: Medicinal plant cultivation; livelihood; value chain; cultivators; middlemen; mediators; wholesale dealers.
Antecedents of Green Market Performance A Case from Southeast Asian Market
by Diana Aqmala, Kardison Lumban Batu, Amie Kusumawardhani, Andriyansah Andriyansah
Abstract: This empirical research was conducted to investigate the effect of entrepreneurial orientation on the uniqueness of green products and market performance through green exploitative and explorative product capabilities, explorative and exploitative market penetration, and examining the effect of the uniqueness of green products on market performance. The exploitation and exploration of green product capabilities was considered as the antecedents and postulated as the driver of the uniqueness of green products, while exploitative and explorative market penetration were considered as the antecedents of market effectiveness. The current study proposes nine hypotheses. The statistical output showed that all hypotheses significantly affect green product differentiation and market performance but explorative market penetration is proven insignificant for leveraging market effectiveness. Data was collected from 1300 respondents charged as operational, sales, and marketing managers in Indonesia and several other Southeast Asian countries. Data was analyzed using SEM with AMOS Statistical Software. This research demonstrated that green exploration and exploitation approaches to new product development practices holds a strategic anchor for enhancing green product differentiation and market performance.
Keywords: Entrepreneurial orientation; green exploitation and green exploration; new product development; explorative and exploitative market-related.