International Journal of Computers in Healthcare (4 papers in press)
- A new architectural framework for Rule Based Healthcare System using Semantic Web Technologies
by Muthuraman Thangaraj, Gnanambal Sankaran
Abstract: One of the main focuses on healthcare systems is to increase treatment quality and the development of a fully automated healthcare system, without intervention from domain experts and IT people. In this paper we propose a framework that performs Rule Based Healthcare System (RBHS). In the first step, with the use of classification algorithms the decision rules are generated. Then the Rule engine executes the generated decision rules and provides the proper diagnostic message. In the next step the system reasons over the Semantic Web Rule Language (SWRL) based rules and give the treatment adaptation result based on the diagnosis. During execution the treatment adaptation scheme is personalized. We use a rule based system for diabetes as an example to illustrate how the RBHS system works. In addition to that we construct diet ontology for diabetic and non-diabetic users.
Keywords: Semantic web; Rule based healthcare; Rule engine; diet ontology; SWRL; healthcare architecture; decision rules; ontology; automated healthcare.
- Secure and Synchronized Mobile JXTA Cloud Ecosystem for Sharing Patients HealthCare Information and Medical Reports
by Rajkumar Rajasekaran
Abstract: Cloud computing refers to computing with a focus of virtualized computer network resources with application services by improving the utilization of data centre and data resources. In the existing system, it is observed that the availability of patients health records and medical reports are very likely to be centralized and static to the concerned healthcare centre. In the proposed system we emphasize a solution to keep and share patients health and medical reports among different HealthCare Centre and form mobile cloud ecosystem. The concerned medical information and reports will be stored in this ecosystem ,as well as synchronized and shared with different healthcare clouds and provide a way of freedom to the patients regarding their treatments and medical supervision and it will be accessible through mobile device. In this paper we used Randomized Alphanumeric Cipher (RAC) algorithm as a new era for enhancing security in cloud application for keeping medical reports of patients, and also ensuring availability and interoperability. This mobile cloud ecosystem is going define the shape of a new era safe record keeping place and will be available worldwide.
Keywords: Cloud ecosystem, data centre, healthcare, RAC, security, JXTA
- Information and Communication Technology Based Innovations for Aging Healthcare: a Literature Review
by Shah Miah
Abstract: The paper presents a systematic literature review to identify the key application areas of innovations through the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) in providing healthcare information to elderly population. Out of the 210 articles published in various health informatics and information systems journals, 42 were identified to meet the requirements for inclusion in the particular review. Based on our analysis, ICT innovations offered for elderly populations healthcare are classified as: smart home based; mobile based; online based; and personalised device and application based innovations. However, most of the innovations focus only on user side demands and omit the service providers dynamic demands for information delivery. A cloud computing based innovation shows promise to develop an effective information delivery approach to provide benefits, both for service providers and the elderly population, needing to deliver and use relevant technologies.
Keywords: Aging population; ICT solutions; health informatics
- A Method for Assessing the Usability of an on Screen Display for a Brain-Computer Interface
by Melanie Ware, Gaye Lightbody, Paul McCullagh, Maurice Mulvenna, Suzanne Martin, Eileen Thompson
Abstract: Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI) aim to provide a mechanism by which individuals with severe forms of paralysis can communicate their wishes to others or gain control over devices in their environment. This paper describes the evaluation of an interface designed for use with BCI, which is dedicated to providing a flexible and extensible framework for controlling multiple devices within a domestic environment. A structured format for assessing the usability aspects of this interface is presented. The Goal-Question-Metric (GQM) approach derived from measurement in software engineering was used, providing a mechanism that can be readily adapted to assess other interfaces in assistive technology. The assessment was based on interaction of 5 participants currently using assistive technology who provided an initial representation of the target user group. Their input, in addition to guidance from a lead user, was used to influence subsequent design choices and directions and highlight the importance of user-centred design within BCI development.
Keywords: Human Computer Interfaces, Brain-Computer Interface, SSVEP, Assistive Technology, Usability Principles,