International Journal of Business Process Integration and Management (6 papers in press)
Operation of selected processes in SMEs.
by Monika Březinová
Abstract: Processes and process management are an important part of corporate management. The paper presents a comparison of the developments at the level of functioning of selected processes in SMEs in the South Bohemian region for the period of three years. It describes the process both in general and in the division of the selected sectors: trade, services, construction, and manufacturing. If we evaluate the entire sample examined in the period, we can say that business is focused on increasing the level of functioning of the production process, which increased from 70 to 90%. Minimal or no change was observed in the processes of finance (80% in both years) and marketing (73%). The process of HR decreased the level of functioning from 80 to 76%.
Keywords: management; SME; process; production; marketing; finance; human resources management.
Evolving Oryx into an aspect-oriented business process modelling tool.
by Ana Medeiros, Henrique Sousa, Flavia Santoro, Claudia Cappelli, Julio Leite, Thais Batista, Hércules José
Abstract: A key issue in Business Process Modelling (BPM) is to manage the complexity in order to design a comprehensible process. This paper builds upon the idea of the aspect-oriented business process modelling (AO-BPM), a proposal to enhance the modularity of business process models. The paper focuses on the development of an AO-BPM tool, CrossOryx, which aims to enable the use of the AO-BPM perspective. This perspective is divided into two parts: (i) core process, containing the model that represents essential business process elements; and (ii) aspect elements containing elements that are transversal to the core process. CrossOryx extends Oryx and includes new elements to model crosscutting concerns and to compose them with the core process. It offers different visualisations, each one showing a different perspective of the BPM the core perspective, the crosscutting perspective, and the AO-BPM perspective that represent the weaving of the core and the crosscutting perspective.
Keywords: business process modelling; aspect-oriented development; crosscutting perspective; AO-BPM tool.
Solving abandoned residential housing projects in Malaysia: findings from the Blue Ocean Strategy
by Mohd Hasyim Mumin, Fakhrul Anwar Zainol
Abstract: The issue of abandoned residential housing projects is a matter that should be given more importance in Malaysia. This research aims to identify what are the solutions from the perspective of the Blue Ocean Strategy (BOS). To achieve the goals, this research focused on reviewing relevant literature, observing the sites of abandoned housing projects, and collecting raw data from 12 cases. From the review of the literature, the interview guideline was designed to find out how the problem could be solved from the BOS perspective. The case study method, including face-to-face interviews, was chosen to be used to collect primary data from 12 respondents. From the findings, the study revealed that the BOS four action plans, Eliminate, Reduce, Raise and Create, can be applied in overcoming the problem of abandoned residential housing projects. Therefore, the BOS framework can be adapted to protect the housing industry in Malaysia.
Keywords: abandoned housing projects; Blue Ocean Strategy; Malaysia.
Automating the identification of opportunities for business process improvement patterns application
by Alexandre Souza, Leonardo Azevedo, Flavia Santoro
Abstract: Business process management is increasingly present in organisations, and process improvement is one of its foci. Patterns for process redesign provide solutions to recurring problems in business process improvement initiatives. However, it is not an easy task to choose which patterns to apply in a process, especially in large and complex process scenarios. This paper proposes heuristics to automate the process of redesign pattern selection. The heuristics indicates specific process parts to apply to improvement patterns, considering the business process model elements. A case study was performed to evaluate the proposed heuristics, including 16 process analysts and 24 business processes. This study demonstrates the applicability and reliability of heuristics to identify improvement opportunities in business process models.
Keywords: business process improvement; process redesign; redesign patterns; improvement opportunities identification.
A model-driven engineering approach to formally verify business process model and notation model using Petri nets
by Achraf Lyazidi, Salma Mouline
Abstract: Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN) is a standard for modelling business processes (BP). Despite the fact BPMN is a BP-specific notation, it suffers from lack of semantics. Indeed, the BPMN model can be interpreted in several ways, which may lead to undesirable situation such as deadlocks. To solve this problem, we propose to use formal verification to guarantee certain properties at the BP design stage. In this context, our approach is to transform BPMN models into a Petri net model. Petri nets are a formal language for distributed concurrent systems. They are suitable for modelling the behaviour of systems in terms of flows and are well supported by analysis tools. The Petri net model resulting from the transformation is then verified. We also define an interpretation module of the verification results in terms of BPMN.
Keywords: BPMN; Petri nets; formal verification; model transformation; model-driven engineering.
The state-of-the-art of business process mining challenges
by Hind R’bigui, Chiwoon Cho
Abstract: Business process mining is new methods that amalgamate business process modelling and analysis with data mining and machine learning techniques, whereby knowledge from event logs stored in todays information system are extracted to automatically construct business process models, identify bottlenecks, and to improve the business processes. Since process mining is a topic that has recently received attention among the research community, there are many challenges. The most important issues have been defined in the Process Mining Manifesto. However, none of the published works investigated whether the defined challenges have been solved or are still being encountered. Therefore, this paper provides a comprehensive and critical review of the literature in the context of process mining challenges. The contribution of this paper is to increase the maturity of the field of process mining by providing researchers with the state-of-the-art of the most important challenges of process mining.
Keywords: business process mining; process mining challenges; Process Mining Manifesto.