Int. J. of Business and Emerging Markets   »   2017 Vol.9, No.4



Title: Emerging differently: an examination of entrepreneurial optimism in emerging economies


Authors: Shouming Chen; Arpita Joardar; Sibin Wu


School of Economics and Management, Tongji University, Shanghai, China
Charlton College of Business, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, Massachusetts, USA
Robert C. Vackar College of Business and Entrepreneurship, University of Texas-Rio Grande Valley, Texas, USA


Abstract: This paper examines how entrepreneurial optimism and performance are related in two emerging economies, Laos and Kenya, by exploring the relationship between optimism and performance. The moderating effects of education and motive (opportunity vs. necessity) on the stated relationship are tested. By analysing a sample of 380 entrepreneurs in the two countries, we found that, unlike in Western countries where optimism generally leads to negative outcomes, optimistic entrepreneurs in emerging economies tend to perform better. Our results also suggest that when optimism is held constant, entrepreneurs motivated by opportunity outperform those who are motivated by necessity. However, education appears to have negative effect on entrepreneurial performance. Additionally, the above effects were found to be stronger for entrepreneurs from Laos than those from Kenya, which could be attributed to different religious beliefs. Findings, implications and limitations are discussed.


Keywords: optimism; performance; entrepreneurs; emerging economies; Laos; Kenya.


DOI: 10.1504/IJBEM.2017.10008760


Int. J. of Business and Emerging Markets, 2017 Vol.9, No.4, pp.354 - 374


Date of acceptance: 27 May 2017
Available online: 30 Oct 2017



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