Int. J. of Business and Emerging Markets   »   2017 Vol.9, No.3



Title: Are there micromultinational enterprises in Brazil? Three cases studied from the perspective of their degrees of internationalisation and use of networking


Authors: Dinorá Eliete Floriani; Inocencia Boita Dalbosco


University of Vale do Itajaí (UNIVALI), Avenida Atlantica, 3720/1601 Balneário Camboriú (SC), Brazil
University of Oeste de Santa Catarina, Rua Getulio Vargas, 2125 Flor da Serra, Joaçaba (SC) CEP 89.600-000, Brazil


Abstract: This paper describes the internationalisation processes of three Brazilian SMEs that do business in traditional industries and have achieved a considerable degree of product innovation. These SMEs can be considered 'micromultinationals' (mMNEs), according to the definition proposed by Dimitratos et al. (2003). We describe qualitative studies of these firms based on data collected in semi-structured interviews, by documentary research and in the field. These mMNEs have achieved degrees of internationalisation that are more complex than simple exportation and involve greater commitment of resources. These micromultinationals' use of networks or constellations have contributed to their internationalisation efforts, helping to reduce the effects of 'liability of foreignness' and of 'liability of smallness'. This paper not only offers support for management decisions, but also contributes to IB theory, especially with relation to internationalisation of SMEs in emerging countries, by applying the mMNE category.


Keywords: micromultinational; mMNE; internationalisation; Brazilian SMEs; networks; degree of internationalisation; DOI; liability of foreignness; liability of smallness; case studies; constellations; competitiveness of SMEs.


DOI: 10.1504/IJBEM.2017.10007666


Int. J. of Business and Emerging Markets, 2017 Vol.9, No.3, pp.268 - 284


Date of acceptance: 30 Oct 2016
Available online: 08 Sep 2017



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