Title: Exploring the educational impact of diverse technologies in online virtual museums
Authors: Stella Sylaiou; Katerina Mania; Ioannis Paliokas; Laia Pujol-Tost; Vassilis Killintzis; Fotis Liarokapis
School of Social Sciences, Hellenic Open University, Greece
Department of Electronic and Computer Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Greece
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, Greece
Department of Humanities, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Spain
Laboratory of Medical Informatics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Faculty of Informatics, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic
Abstract: This research explores the learning outcomes of online virtual museums employing diverse technologies such as images, videos, 3D reconstructions, etc. It presents the selection criteria (imageability, interactivity, navigability, personalisation, communication) of the five online virtual museums (VMs) involved in the analysis, each of which brings forward a prominent visualisation technology. Then, it describes the methodology of the evaluation process, in which a group of 164 (n = 164) participants, after exploration of the virtual museum websites, answered a self-administered questionnaire including 12 questions based on the concept of generic learning outcomes: a) knowledge and understanding; b) skills; c) change in attitude and values; d) enjoyment, inspiration and creativity; e) action, behaviour and progression. The results of a statistical analysis investigating the educational impact of each VM are analysed. The potential educational advantage of incorporating complex 3D reconstructions in a VM is questioned. A new methodology for analysing VMs is required. This paper contributes to the understanding of the educational impact of VMs in relation to their underlying technology and human computer interaction (HCI) features. Therefore, conclusions have a wider impact and can be generalised to be relevant even after design changes of the VMs selected for the evaluation.
Keywords: virtual museums; educational impact; generic learning outcomes; GLO.
Int. J. of Arts and Technology, 2017 Vol.10, No.1, pp.58 - 84
Submission date: 02 Jan 2016
Date of acceptance: 13 May 2016
Available online: 21 Apr 2017