Title: The end of the Yasuni-ITT initiative: considerations in a buen vivir perspective
Authors: Gaia Calligaris; Roberto Trevini Bellini
Italian Association for Degrowth, Rue du Beau Site 13/10 B-1000 Brussels, Belgium
European Association for Evolutionary Political Economy, Rue du Beau Site 13/10 B-1000 Brussels, Belgium
Abstract: The Yasuní case study illustrates an attempt to actualise buen vivir. Ecuadorian civil society proposed not to exploit oil in the Yasuní National Park, aiming at: 1) preserving Amazon biodiversity and ancestral cultures; 2) reducing CO2 emissions; 3) respecting indigenous peoples' rights. In 2007, Correa adopted this proposal, calling on the international community to contribute 50% of revenues potentially obtained from oil extraction in the ITT block in return for leaving it indefinitely in situ. Eventually, in 2013, Correa announced the end of the initiative. However, the initiative is not a wasted occasion, as it can represent the beginning of a process, followed by a moratorium on hydrocarbon exploitation in protected and indigenous territories and a change in the development model aiming at a post-extractivist society. In this time of economic, social and cultural crisis, alternatives can arise from the 'periphery' and marginal groups, such as Ecuadorian indigenous movements.
Keywords: Yasuní; ITT; Ecuador; buen vivir; oil exploitation; environmental protection; biodiversity; ancestral cultures; CO2; carbon dioxide; carbon emissions; indigenous peoples rights; Yasuni-ITT initiative; case study.
Int. J. of Environmental Policy and Decision Making, 2015 Vol.1, No.3, pp.240 - 260
Date of acceptance: 16 Mar 2015
Available online: 21 Jan 2016