Title: Different approaches to technology transfer by government and academy
Authors: Amiram Porath; Isabel Ramos; Hakikur Rahman
College for Academic Studies Or Yehuda, Hyotzrim 2 St., Or Yehuda 60218, Israel
Algoritmi Centre, University of Minho, Portugal
Mavrick Software & Telecom Svcs Inc., 8111 LBJ Freeway #1250, Dallas, TX 75251, USA
Abstract: The paper will present the conflict between the natural preference of technology transfer organisations (TTO) regarding commercialisation for the licensing option and the government preference for spin-offs. The difference in preferences is based on the impact both alternatives have on measurable employment rate increase. It will further suggest that the government preference expressed in both funding and availability of support tools, aimed to support the preferred government alternative, is showing reduced results than expected, due to the conflict. The paper suggests a methodology for governments to develop support tools that would enhance the chances of economic development based on the work of the research organisations. The paper further describes the requirements from the business environment, and the complementary nature of successful tools to be developed. Further empirical research is recommended based on the methodology.
Keywords: government policy; technology transfer; university-industry cooperation; industrial collaboration; technology commercialisation; spin-offs; employment rate; economic development; research organisations.
World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, 2015 Vol.11, No.2/3, pp.296 - 307
Available online: 19 Mar 2015