Title: Performance evaluation of biotech crops in emerging markets: the case of India
Author: Comlanvi Martin Konou
Address: Department of Accounting, Finance and Economics, College of Business, McNeese State University, Lake Charles, LA 70605, USA
Abstract: Several studies have found that biotechnology crops increase yield and reduce the use of pesticides. These studies failed to consider the long-run growth of the pest population as it becomes more resistant to both pesticide-producing crops and the pesticides. There is evidence that biotechnology crops do not prevent pest density from growing and different types of new pests from emerging. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the performance of biotechnology crops in India, explicitly taking into account the pest density. Stochastic production function is used to capture the impacts of the inputs on the mean of the output and the effect of pest density on the variability of the output. Furthermore, comparative analysis is conducted between biotech and non-biotech crops using the elasticities of the insecticides and human labour with respect to the yield. The results show that the presence of new pests has nullified the productivity gains from biotech seeds and the associated insecticides.
Keywords: biotech crops; pest density; stochastic production function; India; performance evaluation; biotechnology; emerging markets; pest population growth; insecticides; human labour; new pests; productivity gains.
Int. J. of Trade and Global Markets, 2015 Vol.8, No.1, pp.58 - 77
Submission date: 07 Mar 2014
Date of acceptance: 11 Jun 2014
Available online: 09 Mar 2015