Title: Engineered nanomaterial interactions with bilayer lipid membranes: screening platforms to assess nanoparticle toxicity

 

Author: Alexander Negoda; Ying Liu; Wen-Che Hou; Charlie Corredor; Babak Yaghoubi Moghadam; Corey Musolff; Lin Li; William Walker; Paul Westerhoff; Andrew J. Mason; Phillip Duxbury; Jonathan D. Posner; R. Mark Worden

 

Addresses:
Department of Chemical Engineering and Material Science, Michigan State University, 2527 Engineering Building, East Lansing, MI 48824-1226, USA
Department of Chemical Engineering and Material Science, Michigan State University, 2527 Engineering Building, East Lansing, MI 48824-1226, USA
School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Department, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Department, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA
Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Department, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA
Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Department, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Department of Chemical Engineering and Material Science, Michigan State University, 2527 Engineering Building, East Lansing, MI 48824-1226, USA

 

Journal: Int. J. of Biomedical Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 2013 Vol.3, No.1/2, pp.52 - 83

 

Abstract: Engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) have attractive functional properties and are increasingly being used in commercial products. However, ENMs present health risks that are poorly understood and difficult to assess. Because ENMs must interface with cell membranes to cause biological effects, improved methods are needed to measure ENM-biomembrane interactions. The goals of this paper are to review the current status of methods to characterise interactions between ENMs and bilayer lipid membranes that mimic cell membranes, and to present example applications of the methods relevant to nanotoxicology. Four approaches are discussed: electrochemical methods that measure ENM-induced ion leakage through lipid bilayers, optical methods that measure dye leakage from liposomes, partitioning methods that measure ENM distribution coefficients between aqueous solution and immobilised lipid bilayers, and theoretical models capable of predicting fundamental molecular interactions between ENMs and biomembranes. For each approach, current literature is summarised, recent results are given, and future prospects are analysed, including the potential to be used in a high-throughput mode. The relative advantages of the various approaches are discussed, along with their synergistic potential to provide multi-dimensional characterisation of ENM-biomembrane interactions for robust health risk assessment algorithms.

 

Keywords: nanoparticle toxicity; nanotechnology; bilayer lipid membranes; electrophysiology; impedance spectroscopy; pores; fluorescence; nanoparticle partitioning; modelling; high-throughput; engineered nanomaterials; nanoparticle screening; nanoparticles; nanotoxicology; dye leakage; liposomes; biomembranes; health risk assessment.

 

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJBNN.2013.054512

 

Available online 17 Jun 2013

 

 

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