Int. J. of Cognitive Biometrics   »   2012 Vol.1, No.1



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Title: Heartbeat biometrics: a sensing system perspective


Authors: Steven A. Israel; John M. Irvine


5160 Parkstone Drive Suite 230, Chantilly, Virginia 20151, USA.
Draper Laboratory, 555 Technology Square, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA


Abstract: This paper reviews the emerging research into exploitation of heartbeat data as a biometric for human identification. A variety of methods have been proposed for acquiring heartbeat signatures and a range of processing methods has been examined. We approach the biometric identification and verification problem by characterising the three major factors affecting performance: individual variants, environmental variants, and sensor variants. The ability to collect and process the signal, exploit the data for individual identification or verification, and disseminate the information depends on all three of these factors. Within each component, we have identified the relevant research. Where possible, we have tied these research papers to practical examples using high resolution ECG data. The research indicates that the heartbeat contains rich information about the individual, their level of anxiety, and the cardiac state.


Keywords: biometrics; heartbeat sensing; ECG; cardiovascular function; human identification; electrocardiography; anxiety levels; cardiac state.


DOI: 10.1504/IJCB.2012.046514


Int. J. of Cognitive Biometrics, 2012 Vol.1, No.1, pp.39 - 65


Submission date: 25 Oct 2011
Date of acceptance: 19 Jan 2012
Available online: 09 Apr 2012



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