Title: A customer–manufacturer–competitor orientation model for product life cycle analysis based on QFD, AHP/ANP and TRIZ
Author: Jiachen Hou, Daizhong Su
Address: Advanced Design and Manufacturing Engineering Center, Nottingham Trent University, Burton Street, Nottingham NG1 4BU, UK. ' Advanced Design and Manufacturing Engineering Center, Nottingham Trent University, Burton Street, Nottingham NG1 4BU, UK
Journal: Int. J. of Design Engineering, 2007 Vol.1, No.1, pp.104 - 124
Abstract: With the rapid development of technologies and turbulent market environment, manufacturing industry is challenged with the task of managing products in each stage of Product Life Cycle (PLC). A Customer–Manufacturer–Competitor (CMC) model is developed, which helps manufacturers to analyse customer's, competitor's and manufacturer's orientation and related issues within the PLC. The CMC model consists of three evaluation processes, namely, customer-based evaluation, manufacturer-based evaluation and ideal formulation. In this paper, the characteristics of PLC and the six evaluation sets for assessing the performance of a manufacturer and its competitors in each PLC stage are presented; the advantages of integrating Quality Function Deployment (QFD), Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ) and Analytical Hierarchy Process/Analytical Network Process (AHP/ANP) into the CMC model are discussed and then the CMC model is described, followed by a case study illustrating how the CMC model can be applied in the PLC analysis.
Keywords: product life cycle; PLC; quality function deployment; QFD; analytical hierarchy process; AHP; analytical network process; ANP; TRIZ; ideal formulation; evaluation sets; life cycle assessment; LCA; customer orientation; competitor orientation; manufacturer orientation; theory of inventive problem solving.