How much can nuclear energy do about global warming? Online publication date: Tue, 06-Dec-2016
by André Berger; Tom Blees; Francois-Marie Bréon; Barry W. Brook; Philippe Hansen; Ravi B. Grover; Claude Guet; Weiping Liu; Frederic Livet; Herve Nifenecker; Michel Petit; Gérard Pierre; Henri Prévot; Sébastien Richet; Henri Safa; Massimo Salvatores; Michael Schneeberger; Suyan Zhou
International Journal of Global Energy Issues (IJGEI), Vol. 40, No. 1/2, 2017
Abstract: The framework MESSAGE from the IIASA fulfills the IPCC requirement RCP 2.6. To achieve this, it proposes the use of massive deployment of Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CCS), dealing with tens of billion tons of CO2. However, present knowledge of this process rests on a few experiments at the annual million tons level. MESSAGE includes three scenarios: 'Supply' with a high energy consumption; 'Efficiency' which implies the end of nuclear energy and the intermediary 'MIX'. We propose, as a variant of the MESSAGE framework, to initiate a sustained deployment of nuclear production in 2020, reaching a total nuclear power around 20,000 GWe by the year 2100. Our scenarios considerably reduce the interest or necessity for CCS. Renouncing nuclear power requires an energy consumption reduction of more than 40% compared to the 'Supply' scenario, without escaping the need to store more than 15 billion tons of CO2.
Online publication date: Tue, 06-Dec-2016
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Global Energy Issues (IJGEI):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:
Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.
If you still need assistance, please email email@example.com