Efficiency of Italian universities: the effect of controllable and non-controllable environmental and operational variables
by Silvia Cantele; Andrea Guerrini; Bettina Campedelli
International Journal of Public Policy (IJPP), Vol. 12, No. 3/4/5/6, 2016

Abstract: In recent years, Italian universities have undergone deep reform processes that have innovated organisational structures, teachers' careers and courses. Based on data collected for 75 Italian universities, this study presents a comparative analysis of the efficiency of Italian universities using the data envelopment analysis (DEA) technique, and attempts to explain the different efficiency levels found in light of environmental and organisation-specific factors such as size, ownership, geographical location and human resources composition. Adopting a robust DEA bootstrapping procedure, the article demonstrates that the presence of private investors boosts efficiency; similarly, the largest universities and those located in the northern regions have the best performance.

Online publication date: Thu, 13-Oct-2016

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