VOC composition and ozone-forming potential of the exhaust gas of in-use motorcycles
by Peter Mattrel, Ana-Marija Vasic, Erika Gujer, Regula Haag, Martin Weilenmann
International Journal of Environment and Pollution (IJEP), Vol. 22, No. 3, 2004

Abstract: The emission profile of volatile organic compounds (VOC) and the ozone-forming potential (OP) of the exhaust gas of six in-use motorcycles (four 4-stroke- and two 2-stroke-engines) were determined. The motorcycles were tested on a chassis dynamometer in a real-world driving cycle. The analysis involved the C2–C12-hydrocarbons as well as the aldehydes and ketones. Additionally, the regulated THC and NOx emissions were measured according to the test procedure for type approval (ECE 40). Two vehicles did not fulfil the THC emission standard, whereas all vehicles met the requirements for NOx emission. The aromatic fuel components toluene and xylene, and the combustion products ethene and propene contributed most to the OP of the VOC emission. The highest OP was found with the 2-stroke engines. The VOC profile of the emissions varied with vehicle and driving conditions. The reactivity of the exhaust gas, defined as gram ozone per gram of non-methane organic gases (NMOG), increased with vehicle speed.

Online publication date: Tue, 19-Oct-2004

The full text of this article is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.

Existing subscribers:
Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the Full Text of this article.

Pay per view:
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Environment and Pollution (IJEP):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:

    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?

Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.

If you still need assistance, please email subs@inderscience.com