Risk taking by US banks led to their failures
by Grace W.Y. Wang; Raymond A.K. Cox
International Journal of Financial Services Management (IJFSM), Vol. 6, No. 1, 2013

Abstract: This research studies why commercial banks in the USA failed in the recent financial crisis from the aspect of risk taking by the financial institutions. First, lending risks come from the choice of illiquid assets that affect the quality of loans. Second, risk of securitisation is rooted in the implicit recourse, backstop of liquidity, balance sheet overexpansion, and the moral hazard problem. Third, the systemic risk from the overall economic conditions was ubiquitous when market liquidity intertwined with the funding liquidity. Indicators are provided that distinguish surviving banks from their failed peers which serve as the early warning signals that predict banking failures. Given that, this study provides policy options which will contribute to greater stability in the banking sector in a future financial market and economic crisis.

Online publication date: Tue, 26-Mar-2013

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