Phytoremediation technology for wastewater treatment: high rate transpiration system
by Santosh Kumar Yadav, Prashant R. Thawale, Atul V. Kulkarni, Asha A. Juwarkar
International Journal of Environment and Pollution (IJEP), Vol. 43, No. 1/2/3, 2010

Abstract: High Rate Transpiration System (HRTS) is a well-designed land treatment system composed of ridges and furrows and well-controlled hydraulic loading of wastewater. The present case study describes long-term operating experience of zero discharge of pulp and paper mill wastewater, which is characterised by high BOD, COD, TDS and colour that poses disposal problems into water bodies and on land. The result of field trials showed that there was no appreciable build-up of salt concentration in the furrows, at wastewater application rate of 250 m³/ha/day. The quality of groundwater was monitored within and outside the HRTS through well water sampling and it was satisfactory with respect to salt, metal concentrations and colour. The findings showed that HRTS is environmentally acceptable solution to manage the problem of coloured wastewater and also minimise the impact on groundwater quality.

Online publication date: Sat, 09-Oct-2010

The full text of this article is only available to individual subscribers or to users at subscribing institutions.

Existing subscribers:
Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the Full Text of this article.

Pay per view:
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.

Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Environment and Pollution (IJEP):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:

    Username:        Password:         

Forgotten your password?

Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.

If you still need assistance, please email