Construction of engineering bacteria degrading residual polyacrylamide in coal slime water by protoplast fusion technique Online publication date: Thu, 12-Aug-2021
by Dongchen Zhang; Fanglue Wang; Chuanzhen Wang; Wen Dai
International Journal of Global Energy Issues (IJGEI), Vol. 43, No. 4, 2021
Abstract: Polyacrylamide (PAM) is widely used as flocculant in coal preparation. A protoplast fusant with enhanced degradation ability of PAM was obtained by intergeneric protoplast fusion between Rhodopseudomonas spheroids and Bacillus subtilis. The protoplast preparation was optimised and inactivation of both parents was performed in different ways. The degradation abilities of domesticated R. spheroides, B. subtilis and mixed bacteria (v/v, 1.00) were compared with protoplast fusant. The results showed that the optimal dosage for R. spheroides protoplast preparation was determined to be 20.00% sucrose, 1.00 mg/mL lysozyme, 0.20% EDTA and 60.00 min. Under such conditions, the protoplast formation rate and the protoplast regeneration rate were 63.70% and 8.90%, respectively. The optimal dosage for B. subtilis protoplast preparation was determined to be 20.00% sucrose, 1.50 mg/mL lysozyme and 60.00 min. Under such conditions, the protoplast formation rate and the protoplast regeneration rate were 58.50% and 9.45%, respectively. The protoplast inactivation of R. spheroides and B. subtilis were optimally conducted by ultraviolet radiation (70.00 s) and by heat at 55.00°C (50.00 min), respectively. The degradation ability of protoplast fusant was obviously improved. Furthermore, using microscopic observation, it was found that both parents form protoplasts by the way of apical release.
Online publication date: Thu, 12-Aug-2021
Go to Inderscience Online Journals to access the Full Text of this article.
If you are not a subscriber and you just want to read the full contents of this article, buy online access here.Complimentary Subscribers, Editors or Members of the Editorial Board of the International Journal of Global Energy Issues (IJGEI):
Login with your Inderscience username and password:
Want to subscribe?
A subscription gives you complete access to all articles in the current issue, as well as to all articles in the previous three years (where applicable). See our Orders page to subscribe.
If you still need assistance, please email firstname.lastname@example.org