Guidelines to compare additive and subtractive manufacturing approaches under the energy demand perspective
by Giuseppe Ingarao; Paolo C. Priarone; Rosa Di Lorenzo; Luca Settineri
International Journal of Sustainable Manufacturing (IJSM), Vol. 4, No. 2/3/4, 2020

Abstract: In order to characterise the environmental performance of additive manufacturing (AM) processes, comparative analyses are required. Different manufacturing approaches (such as additive and subtractive ones), besides adopting different equipment, use different kinds and amounts of material. Therefore, the material-related flow has to be followed throughout the entire product life. Differences in environmental impact arise at each step of the life cycle: material production, manufacturing, use, disposal, and transportation. A life cycle-based methodology able to take due account of all the factors of influence on the total energy demand for the production of metal components is given in this paper. Decision support tools for identifying the most sustainable manufacturing route (subtractive versus AM-based approaches) are presented for different scenarios. The aim of the present paper is to contribute to the debate concerning the environmental impact characterisation of AM processes.

Online publication date: Mon, 04-May-2020

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