Publishing Ethics Statement

Inderscience Publishers supports the principles published by COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) and supports the application of ethical standards throughout the scholarly publishing process.

If you have a concern about an ethical issue, please contact us at

Retractions and corrections

Inderscience will consider retractions and corrections in line with COPE's Retraction Guidelines. Retractions are reserved for articles which are so seriously flawed that their findings or conclusions should not be relied upon, or which contain substantial plagiarism or life-endangering content.

Inderscience may make minor corrections to accepted articles, such as those that arise during normal copyediting, typesetting or proofreading; any substantive corrections will be carried out in line with COPE's Retraction Guidelines.

Publishing malpractice

In exceptional cases, Inderscience may remove an article from online publication where we believe it is necessary to comply with our legal obligations or if publishing malpractice is found. This includes, without limitation, where we have concerns that the article is defamatory, violates personal privacy or confidentiality laws, is the subject of a court order, or might pose a serious health risk to the general public. In these circumstances, we may decide to retract the article and publish a notice that clearly states why the full article has been removed.

Peer-Review confidentiality

Submissions are treated in strict confidentiality by all parties, including editors, reviewers and authors. Inderscience is committed to ensuring the integrity and confidentiality of the peer-review process in accordance with the COPE guidelines.

Ethical guidelines for Authors

When you submit a paper to Inderscience Publishers, you are confirming that you have read these ethical guidelines, agree to the contents and have taken any appropriate actions.


By submitting a paper to Inderscience Publishers, it is understood that all authors have thereby declared that they have read and agree on the content of the submitted paper.


Submissions may be rejected by Inderscience Publishers' Editorial Office if it is felt that the work was not carried out within an ethical framework for scholarly publications.
Inderscience Publishers adheres to the principles and guidelines outlined by COPE.

Competing/conflicting interests

Authors must make a declaration in their paper of all potential competing interests involving people or organisations that might reasonably be perceived as relevant.

Examples of competing interests include, but are not limited to, financial, professional and personal interests such as:

  • Research grants (from any source, restricted or unrestricted)
  • Relationships (paid or unpaid) with organisations and funding bodies including non-governmental organisations, research institutions or charities
  • Membership of lobbying or advocacy organisations
  • Personal relationships (i.e. friend, spouse, family member, current or previous mentor, adversary) with individuals involved in the submission or evaluation of a paper, such as authors, reviewers, editors, or members of the editorial board of an Inderscience journal
  • Personal convictions (political, religious, ideological, or other) related to a paper's topic that may interfere with an unbiased publication process (at the stage of authorship, peer review, editorial decision making or publication)

Plagiarism in any form constitutes a serious violation of the principles of scholarship and is not acceptable.
Examples of plagiarism include:

1. Word-for-word copying of portions of another's writing without enclosing the copied passage in quotation marks and acknowledging the source in the appropriate scholarly convention.

2. The use of a particularly unique term or concept without acknowledging the original author or source.

3. The paraphrasing or abbreviated restatement of someone else's ideas without acknowledging that another person's text has been the basis for the paraphrasing.

4. False citation: material should not be attributed to a source from which it has not been obtained.

5. False data: data that has been fabricated or altered in a laboratory or experiment; although not factually plagiarism, this is clearly a form of academic fraud.

6. Unacknowledged multiple authors or collaboration: the contributions of each author or collaborator should be made clear.

7. Self-plagiarism/double submission: the submission of the same or a very similar paper to two or more publications.

Medical research

Medical writers, or anyone else who assisted in the preparation of the paper, should be acknowledged in the paper, either as an author, or in the Acknowledgements section, as per the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. See section II. A. 2. Contributors Listed in Acknowledgments
From the European Medical Writers Association website, Resources for Medical Writers section.

Medical writers should list their source of funding and/or employer as appropriate.

Experimental research on humans must have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee and comply with the Helsinki Declaration (2013). []

Informed consent

Informed consent must be documented in your paper in cases where information or clinical photographs of human subjects are used. Signed copies of consent forms will be required before a paper can be considered for review.

Animal research

When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether the institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed.


Authors from pharmaceutical companies or other commercial organisations that sponsor clinical trials should comply with the good practice described by The International Society for Medical Publication Professionals at GPP3 – Good Publication Practice for Communicating Company-Sponsored Medical Research.

These guidelines also apply to companies or individuals that work on industry-sponsored publications, such as freelance writers, contract research organisations and communications companies.

Download Ethical Guidelines for Authors in PDF format (200kb).

Ethical guidelines for Editors

Inderscience endorses the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors (PDF 300kb) published by COPE.