Authors: Richard K. Lomotey; Sumanth Sriramoju; Rita Orji
Addresses: Information Sciences and Technology, The Pennsylvania State University – Beaver, Monaca, PA, USA ' Information Sciences and Technology, The Pennsylvania State University – Beaver, Monaca, PA, USA ' Faculty of Computer Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 4R2, Canada
Abstract: The emergent usage of network-based consumer devices has created an ecosystem for heterogeneous 'aware' and interconnected devices with unique IDs interacting with other machines/objects, infrastructure, and nature. This is called the internet of things (IoT), and it is inspired by smart devices with sensing and connectivity capability that can aid with data collection. While the data from sensors can give insightful enterprise information through analytics, it is needful to first and foremost create the IoT framework with automation support for machine-to-infrastructure (M2I) communication. However, there are only few research works that focus on enabling M2I communication though many studies are dedicated to machine-to-machine (M2M) communication. Key challenges in the IoT infrastructure design are multiple device semantics and protocol variations which can limit interoperability. This work proposes a middleware with both M2I and M2M capabilities which addresses these problems based on mapping techniques between the heterogeneous device semantics and providing a common interface for data exchanges via varied protocols. When a device is discoverable, our middleware uses enhanced environment-context ontology to match the appropriate communication protocol. This aids with pushing data from within-range sensors to a cloud-hosted infrastructure. The extensive experiments conducted on the proposed system show superiority over similar services.
Keywords: internet of things; IoT; sensors; mobile devices; middleware; mapping; environment-context; cloud computing.
International Journal of Business Process Integration and Management, 2019 Vol.9 No.2, pp.90 - 106
Accepted: 08 Nov 2018
Published online: 24 May 2019 *