Title: The role and multi parties interaction and coordination mechanism on disaster management

Authors: Liane Okdinawati; Made Irma Dwiputranti; Raden Adriyani Oktora

Addresses: School of Business and Management, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jl. Ganesha no. 10 Bandung, West Java, 40132, Indonesia ' Logistics Business Department, Polytechnic Pos Indonesia, Jl. Sariasih no No. 54 Bandung, West Java, 40151, Indonesia ' Logistics Business Department, Polytechnic Pos Indonesia, Jl. Sariasih no No. 54 Bandung, West Java, 40151, Indonesia

Abstract: A disaster is a severe disruption event caused by nature's hazardous events or can have human origins. A disaster threatens and disrupts people's lives and livelihoods, and affects human casualties, environmental damage, property loss, and psychological impact. One disaster management aim is to assure prompt and appropriate assistance to victims when a disaster happens. In this situation, it is necessary to coordinate external assistance that given by a wide range of bodies and organisations. Each of them has a different role, different interests, and different working methods. These roles and the interaction among the parties are used in this paper to develop the coordination structure as a joint effort in humanitarian relief operations. The coordination mechanism is proposed in order for the humanitarian relief operation to be done quickly, effectively, and efficiently. In this paper, the information system is also developed to minimise overlap and duplication of effort.

Keywords: interaction; coordination; collaboration; disaster management; disaster parties; logistics; humanitarian relief; information sharing; information system; Indonesia.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEM.2019.099380

International Journal of Emergency Management, 2019 Vol.15 No.2, pp.187 - 204

Accepted: 04 Jan 2019
Published online: 25 Apr 2019 *

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