Title: Dynamic background modelling using multi-swarm optimisation

Authors: M. Sivagami; T. Revathi; L. Jeganathan

Addresses: School of Computer Science, VIT University, Chennai, 600127, India ' Department of Science and Technology, VIT University, Chennai, 600127, India ' School of Computer Science, VIT University, Chennai, 600127, India

Abstract: Background modelling is a fundamental task in video analytics. This paper presents an adaptive background modelling for real-time indoor and outdoor videos. This proposed method treats background modelling as an optimisation problem and, it fetches multiple peaks from the histogram of the video frame and optimises them using a multi-swarm technique. The background is successfully adapted whenever there is a change in the environment as well as a number of objects in the background. The experimental result of foreground extraction confirms the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed background modelling technique against the various background modelling approaches.

Keywords: background modelling; foreground extraction; MSO; multi-swarm optimisation; GMM; Gaussian mixture model; K-means; fuzzy c-means.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBRA.2019.098018

International Journal of Bioinformatics Research and Applications, 2019 Vol.15 No.1, pp.68 - 90

Accepted: 27 Jul 2018
Published online: 20 Feb 2019 *

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