Title: In search of the environmental Kuznets curve in Canada: where is the inverted U curve?

Authors: Anupam Das

Addresses: Department of Economics, Justice, and Policy Studies, Mount Royal University, 4825 Mount Royal Gate SW, Calgary, Alberta T3E 6K6, Canada

Abstract: Using the industry-level panel data from 1990 to 2014, this paper examines the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis for Canada. I use the Pooled Mean Group (PMG) technique to identify a common-across-industries long-run coefficient for the emission effect of industrial GDP while allowing for different short-run dynamics for each industry. Therefore, the estimates avoid producing potentially biased results that may arise from business-cycle and industry-specific effects. Three different pollutants, carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxide (N2O), and methane (CH4) are used as emission indicators to examine the effects of economic activity on different types of pollutants. Contrary to the conventional view, this paper finds the evidence of U-shaped EKCs irrespective of the type of pollutants used in the estimation. Results from this investigation will help policymakers understand whether perpetual economic growth can be ensured in Canada without increasing emissions, and help them formulate appropriate policies for sustainable growth of the country.

Keywords: environmental Kuznets curve; Canada; pooled mean group.

DOI: 10.1504/IJGEI.2018.097172

International Journal of Global Energy Issues, 2018 Vol.41 No.5/6, pp.289 - 307

Available online: 24 Dec 2018 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article