Title: Natural resource windfalls and economic growth nexus: a panel analysis for Africa

Authors: Abimelech Paye Gbatu; Zhen Wang; Presley K. Wesseh Jr.; Vamuyan A. Sesay

Addresses: Academy of Chinese Energy Strategy, China University of Petroleum – Beijing, 18 Fuxue Road, Changping, Beijing 102249, China ' Academy of Chinese Energy Strategy, China University of Petroleum – Beijing, 18 Fuxue Road, Changping, Beijing 102249, China ' China Center for Energy Economics Research, College of Economics, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China ' Ministry of Finance and Development Planning, Department of Economic Management, Monrovia, Liberia

Abstract: We employed fixed effects model to study the influences of natural resource windfalls and some variables on African economic development. For each growth model, equations were estimated for the full panel, and for the samples with good and bad institutional structures. The outcomes show that resource curse exists in Africa and can be explained by Africa's lack of good institutional structures. Hence, an implication of the results is that good institutions promote economic growth but bad institutions destroy an economy. Therefore, we first recommend the need to improve institutional quality in Africa. Second, the challenge of attaining rapid and sustainable growth and development requires Africans to strengthen and re-enforce anti-corruption laws that could discourage the further spread of corruption. Third, policymakers should ensure short-and-long term opportunities of diversifying the economy by engaging in agriculture, transportation, and services.

Keywords: Africa; economic growth; fixed effect model; resource curse; resources windfalls.

DOI: 10.1504/IJRM.2018.096332

International Journal of Revenue Management, 2018 Vol.10 No.3/4, pp.326 - 344

Available online: 22 Nov 2018 *

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