Title: Entrepreneurship and knowledge spillovers from FDI and exports concentration, diversification

Authors: Arbia Chatmi; Karim Elasri

Addresses: ICRC, SKEMA Business School, Sophia Antipolis, France; ECSTRA, IHEC Carthage, Carthage-Présidence, Tunisia ' CERGAM, Faculté d'Economie et de Gestion, Aix-Marseille Université, 15, 19 Allée C. Forbin, 13627 Aix-en-Provence, France

Abstract: The present paper addresses the effects of goods exports concentration/diversification, services exports concentration/diversification and inward FDI, which enables knowledge spillovers, on entrepreneurial activity that is business entry in a panel of 75 countries in 2004-2012. For economies at the efficiency-driven stage, entrepreneurial activity benefits from goods exports concentration, services exports diversification and inward FDI. For the economies at the innovation-driven stage, knowledge spillovers to business entry come from concentration in both goods exports and services exports. For the economies at the factor-driven stage, goods exports diversification and services exports concentration generate knowledge spillovers for the business entry.

Keywords: entrepreneurship; exports; goods; services; countries; economic development.

DOI: 10.1504/IJESB.2018.096172

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 2018 Vol.35 No.4, pp.485 - 510

Accepted: 12 Mar 2017
Published online: 09 Nov 2018 *

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