Title: A comparison of the performance of majority female-owned and majority male-owned small and medium-sized enterprises

Authors: Julio Miguel Rosa; Daouda Sylla

Addresses: Statistics Canada, Jean Talon Building, 13th Floor, Section C-2, 170 Tunney's Pasture Driveway, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0T6, Canada ' Statistics Canada, Jean Talon Building, 13th Floor, Section C-2, 170 Tunney's Pasture Driveway, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0T6, Canada

Abstract: This paper examines the impact of majority gender ownership on the following measures of enterprise performance: sales per employee, profit per employee, employment, innovation, ratio of authorised to requested debt financing and interest rate on debt financing. Using Statistics Canada's Survey on Financing and Growth of Small and Medium Enterprises waves of 2011 2014, as well as administrative data from Statistics Canada's Linkable File Environment, we find that gender affected all measures of enterprise performance in 2011, whereas only sales per employee and employment were affected in 2014. In 2011, majority female-owned small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) had lower profit per employee than majority male-owned SMEs; they were more likely to be innovative than majority male-owned SMEs; they had lower ratio of authorised to requested debt financing than majority male-owned SMEs; and they also faced higher interest rate on debt financing than majority male-owned SMEs.

Keywords: entrepreneurship; majority gender ownership; financial constraints; firm performance.

DOI: 10.1504/IJESB.2018.10010382

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 2018 Vol.35 No.3, pp.282 - 302

Received: 24 Oct 2016
Accepted: 02 Mar 2017

Published online: 24 Oct 2018 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article