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Title: Abrasion wear of cutting tool developed from recycled steel using palm kernel shell as carbon additive

Authors: Sunday A. Afolalu; Abiodun A. Abioye; Joseph Idirisu; Imhade P. Okokpujie; Omolayo M. Ikumapayi

Addresses: Faculty of Engineering, Mechanical Engineering Department, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun-State, 00176, Nigeria ' Faculty of Engineering, Mechanical Engineering Department, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun-State, 00176, Nigeria ' Faculty of Engineering, Mechanical Engineering Department, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun-State, 00176, Nigeria ' Faculty of Engineering, Mechanical Engineering Department, Covenant University, Ota, Ogun-State, 00176, Nigeria ' Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering Department, Afe Babalola University, Ado, Ekiti State, 00176, Nigeria

Abstract: Most of the cutting tools in use are imported and the cost of replacement is high, hence there is need to develop them locally. This research work studied the abrasion wear of cutting tools developed from recycled steel using palm kernel shell (PKS) as carbon additive. The chemical composition of the materials was analysed before and after the melting. Alloy additives were added and then carburized in a furnace at different temperatures and time ranges. The toughness, surface and core hardness were carried out given 24.0 J/cm2, 76.8 and 47.9 HR with 17 J/cm2, 76.3 and 46.1 HR for the control. It was observed that the tool cut the work piece easily on a lathe machine with the best minimum length of cut 50 mm for the time of cut 1.19 and 2.02 minutes mm. It can be concluded that the developed cutting tool showed significant performances during machining.

Keywords: cutting tools; wear; PKS; palm kernel shell; carbon additives; steel.

DOI: 10.1504/PIE.2018.095868

Progress in Industrial Ecology, An International Journal, 2018 Vol.12 No.1/2, pp.206 - 218

Available online: 19 Oct 2018 *

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