Open Access Article

Title: Assessment of the European Programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection in the surface transport sector

Authors: Ralf Hedel; George Boustras; Ilias Gkotsis; Ioanna Vasiliadou; Paul Rathke

Addresses: Department of Strategy and Optimization, Fraunhofer Institute for Transportation and Infrastructure Systems (Fraunhofer IVI), Zeunerstraße 38, 01069 Dresden, Germany ' Centre of Excellence in Risk and Decision Science (CERIDES), Ioannis Gregoriou School of Business Administration, European University Cyprus, 6, Diogenis Str., 2404 Engom, Nicosia, 1516, Cyprus ' Center for Security Studies (KEMEA), 4, P. Kanellopoulou Str., Αthens GR-101 77, Greece ' Aegean Motorway S.A., Moschochori, 441500 Larissa, Greece ' Department of Strategy and Optimization, Fraunhofer Institute for Transportation and Infrastructure Systems (Fraunhofer IVI), Zeunerstraße 38, 01069 Dresden, Germany

Abstract: In the course of emerging threats of the 21st century, this paper aims at supporting the further development of the European Programme for Critical Infrastructure Protection (EPCIP), in particular the directive 2008/114/EC on designation and protection of European Critical Infrastructures. It provides a comprehensive review of this legal framework by compiling experiences of practitioners collected during the European Surface Transport Operator (EUSTO) forum and a series of semi-structured expert interviews. The answers of the EUSTO participants assess how the single elements and approaches of the EPCIP have affected their work. Furthermore, the review identifies the challenges that need to be addressed in the future. The third part of this paper provides a guideline on setting up an Operator Security Plan, which is specifically required by the directive. The template could initiate European harmonisation of security plans, contributing to the improvement of EPCIP.

Keywords: critical infrastructures; critical infrastructures protection; transport infrastructures; surface transport; European Union; EPCIP; directive 2008/114/EC; Operator Security Plan; OSP; terroristic threats; criminal threats; resilience; practitioners.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCIS.2018.095616

International Journal of Critical Infrastructures, 2018 Vol.14 No.4, pp.311 - 335

Received: 18 Dec 2017
Accepted: 05 May 2018

Published online: 10 Oct 2018 *