Title: Proficient communication between sensor devices using heuristic approaches in IoT environment

Authors: Nandhakumar Ramachandran; Varalakshmi Perumal

Addresses: Department of Computer Technology, Anna University, Chennai – 600044, Tamil Nadu, India ' Department of Computer Technology, Anna University, Chennai – 600044, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract: The proposed system comprises of dynamic and heterogeneous sensors in internet of things (IoT) environment and aims at achieving an efficient communication among sensor devices by choosing the most optimal nodes at every stage of the communication. The base station releases a query, according to which clustering is done with their Cluster Heads using particle swarm optimisation (PSO), which is based on factors like position, velocity, energy and the neighbour density. Principle component analysis is used at relay node to aggregate heterogeneous data of multiple dimensions. It reduces the dimensionality of data sent thus reducing the packets sent. Ant colony optimisation (ACO) is used to forward data at every level by considering the energy of the node, distance from base station and the velocity. The technique helps in choosing reliable, energy efficient path and also decreases the delay. Thus, the proposed system is used in overcoming the resource constraint problem, this in turn improves the network lifetime.

Keywords: IoT; internet of things; heuristic approaches; proficient communication; heterogenoussensors; energy efficient; PSO; particle swarm optimisation; ACO; Ant colony optimisation; PCA; principal component analysis.

DOI: 10.1504/IJAHUC.2018.094394

International Journal of Ad Hoc and Ubiquitous Computing, 2018 Vol.29 No.1/2, pp.15 - 27

Received: 09 Sep 2017
Accepted: 25 Jan 2018

Published online: 26 Aug 2018 *

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