Authors: Guy Fournier; Manuel Baumann; Johannes Gasde; Katharina Kilian-Yasin
Addresses: Institute for Industrial Ecology, Pforzheim University of Applied Sciences, Tiefenbronner Str. 65, 75175 Pforzheim, Germany ' Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT), Postfach 3640, 76021, Karlsruhe, Germany ' Pforzheim University of Applied Sciences, Tiefenbronner Str. 65, 75175 Pforzheim, Germany ' Pforzheim University of Applied Sciences, Tiefenbronner Str. 65, 75175 Pforzheim, Germany
Abstract: Rural areas in Germany have a lack of well-structured local public transport systems and are still facing exodus. Furthermore, the German energy transition aims to bring inter alia 1 million electric vehicles (EVs) onto German roads by 2020. The aim of this paper is to analyse if innovative forms of EV-based mobility concepts can better meet the needs of rural communities and contribute to the German energy transition in a sustainable way. Specific mobility concepts were thus tested according to sustainability criteria within a government-funded pilot project in four small communities in the Black Forest. The collected data were used to calculate energy consumption, carbon footprint and costs of the local projects and to compare them with fossil fuelled propulsion systems. Surveys in combination with semi-structured interviews were conducted additionally to assess the social acceptance of EVs within the local population. It could be proven that EVs already represent socially and environmentally promising perspectives in rural areas. Nevertheless, the economic drawbacks of the presented mobility solution are currently still hindering an extensive spread of EVs.
Keywords: electric vehicles; car sharing; mobility on demand; rural areas; sustainable mobility; energy transition; Germany.
International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management, 2018 Vol.18 No.3, pp.247 - 269
Received: 02 Sep 2017
Accepted: 23 Jan 2018
Published online: 14 Jun 2018 *