Title: Dissecting the sources of competitive advantage of infant MNEs: performance antecedents of foreign affiliates of Polish firms

Authors: Piotr Trąpczyński

Addresses: Poznań University of Economics and Business, al. Niepodległości 10, 60-967 Poznań, Poland

Abstract: This paper draws from the resource-based view, organisational learning perspective and institution-based view of international business to explore the effects of firm capabilities and international experience on the performance of foreign affiliates of infant MNEs. In doing so, it aims to contribute to the debate on the competitive advantage of firms from less advanced economies which have only recently joined international business transactions. Moreover, the analysis includes the moderating effect of institutional differences, i.e. both more and less institutionally advanced host countries. The analysis reveals that managerial capabilities are more relevant to success in more advanced economies than in less advanced ones where non-market strategies are frequently the source of advantage of infant MNEs. Moreover, in more advanced markets overall FDI experience is essential to successfully starting up operations, to a larger extent than in less developed countries. An opposite effect can be observed for prior experience with similar countries.

Keywords: FDI; foreign affiliates; performance; infant MNEs; resource-based view; organisational learning theory; institutional theory; Central and Eastern Europe; firm capabilities; international experience; institutional difference.

DOI: 10.1504/EJIM.2018.092841

European Journal of International Management, 2018 Vol.12 No.4, pp.374 - 401

Received: 19 Nov 2015
Accepted: 29 Jul 2016

Published online: 30 Apr 2018 *

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