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Title: A novel channel state prediction technique for overlay cognitive radio-based emergency sensor networks

Authors: Swagata Roy Chatterjee; Mohuya Chakraborty; Debashis Saha

Addresses: Netaji Subhash Engineering College, Technocity, Panchpota, Garia, Kolkata 700152, West Bengal, India ' Institute of Engineering and Management, Gurukul, Y-12, Block -EP, Sector-V, Salt Lake Electronics Complex, Kolkata – 700 091, West Bengal, India ' Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, Diamond Harbour Road, Joka, Kolkata (Calcutta) – 700104, West Bengal, India

Abstract: For overlay cognitive radio (CR), this paper proposes a knowledge-based spectrum prediction technique using artificial neural network. This is targeted for CR-based emergency sensor networks in real life applications, where extremely reliable data transmission is mandatory. The technique operates in two steps: 1) identification of idle states in primary user bands; 2) prediction of noise level of the idle bands. The goal is to select a less noisy vacant band among the detected idle bands. The system is analysed under both Gaussian mixer noise (GMN) distribution and additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) by predicting the current state of the channel in low SNR environment. Simulation results using MATLAB R2015b show satisfactory values for probability of false alarm (0.17 and 0.3), and probability of misdetection (0.12 and 0.25) for AWGN and GMN, respectively.

Keywords: cognitive radio; emergency communication; overlay mode; artificial neural network; ANN; spectrum sensing.

DOI: 10.1504/IJKEDM.2018.092814

International Journal of Knowledge Engineering and Data Mining, 2018 Vol.5 No.1/2, pp.90 - 113

Received: 04 Mar 2018
Accepted: 18 Mar 2018

Published online: 19 Jun 2018 *

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