Title: The efficiency of the top mega yacht builders across the world: a financial ratio-based data envelopment analysis

Authors: Alessandro Merendino; Enrico Deidda Gagliardo; Stefano Coronella

Addresses: Centre for Business in Society, Faculty of Business and Law, Coventry University, Priory Street, CV1 5FB, Coventry, UK ' Department of Economics and Management, University of Ferrara, Italy ' Department of Economics and Law Studies, Parthenope University of Naples, Italy

Abstract: This research provides an application of a non-parametric analytic technique (data envelopment analysis, DEA) in measuring the performance of the mega yacht sector. It analyses the efficiency of the top mega yacht companies across the world in 2005-2013 by offering a model useful for comparing inefficient shipbuilders with the efficient ones. This paper adopts an output-oriented version of DEA based on financial ratios where inputs are not utilised. In order to handle missing data, we test and compare two different techniques: the deletion one and the multiple linear regression analysis (MLRA). We find that DEA can be a complement or alternative tool to ratio analysis to evaluate corporates' performance. We also find that the most efficient shipbuilders are those based in the most prosperous countries. Finally, the MLRA efficiency scores are more reliable and consistent with the firms' annual reports and financial ratios.

Keywords: data envelopment analysis; DEA; efficiency; financial ratios; mega yacht sector.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMDM.2018.092544

International Journal of Management and Decision Making, 2018 Vol.17 No.2, pp.125 - 147

Received: 19 Jan 2017
Accepted: 17 Aug 2017

Published online: 13 Jun 2018 *

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