Authors: Peter Gammeltoft
Addresses: Department of International Economics and Management, Copenhagen Business School, Porcelaenshaven 24, DK-2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark
Abstract: This paper reviews the literature on MNEs| international R&D activities with the purpose of assessing extent and trends, identifying central concepts, frameworks, typologies and debates, and assessing managerial implications. Reviewed statistics indicates that the fire growth in R&D internationalisation, well documented in the previous literature, may have come to an end. Furthermore, as a qualitative flip side to this apparent quantitative stagnation, managerial focus is shifting towards organisational consolidation of the existing complex international R&D structures. Based on discussions of prevailing motives for internationalising R&D, the paper further proposes that these motives can usefully be ascribed to six types: market-driven, production-driven, technology-driven, innovation-driven, cost-driven and policy-driven.
Keywords: international R&D; R&D internationalisation; global R&D; R&D management; technology management; innovation management; globalisation; investment motives; research and development; multinational corporations.
International Journal of Technology and Globalisation, 2006 Vol.2 No.1/2, pp.177 - 199
Available online: 03 Mar 2006 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article