Title: Turkey's energy system development: linking an energy supply model with an industrial simulation model and solving it iteratively
Authors: Gorkem Gungor; Ramazan Sari
Addresses: Department of Earth System Sciences, Middle East Technical University, Cankaya, Ankara, 06800, Turkey ' Department of Business Administration, Department of Earth System Sciences, Middle East Technical University, Cankaya, Ankara, 06800, Turkey
Abstract: Turkey is in the progress to include nuclear energy to its electricity generation capacity. The energy modelling studies for Turkey mainly focus on usage of renewable energy and local fossil fuels and include nuclear power plants (NPP) only with their electricity generation capacities without taking into consideration the front- and back-ends of the nuclear fuel cycle. This study takes into consideration the life cycle assessment (LCA) of nuclear energy based on optimisation of energy system costs and usage of energy resources under atmospheric CO2 and SO2 emission constraints using MESSAGE iteratively with an industrial simulation model. This iterative modelling calculates the marginal costs of final energy generation and energy demands for domestic production. The results of this study are assessed using economic, environmental and social indicators. The study concludes that both environmental and nuclear energy scenarios are viable options to set national atmospheric CO2 and SO2 emission targets for Turkey.
Keywords: nuclear energy; nuclear fuel cycle; energy modelling; energy demand modelling; domestic production; marginal cost of final energy; climate change; air pollution.
International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development, 2018 Vol.12 No.1/2, pp.44 - 66
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