Title: Research and Technology Institutes (RTIs) in a latecomer innovation system: evidence from the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) industry in Brazil

Authors: Paulo N. Figueiredo, Conceicao Vedovello, Marne Melo, Luciana M. Marins

Addresses: Brazilian School of Public and Business Administration (EBAPE), Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV), Praia de Botafogo No. 190, 5th floor, 22.250–900 Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brazil. ' The Brazilian Innovation Agency (FINEP), Praia do Flamengo No. 200, 13th floor, 22.210–030 Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brazil. ' Brazilian School of Public and Business Administration (EBAPE), Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV), Praia de Botafogo No. 190, 5th floor, 22.250–900, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brazil. ' Brazilian School of Public and Business Administration (EBAPE), Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV), Praia de Botafogo No. 190, 5th floor, 22.250–900, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brazil

Abstract: This article seeks to add new empirical evidence, from a late-industrialising standpoint, to the literature related to the way in which Research and Technology Institutes (RTIs) contribute to building up a National System of Innovation (NSI). This study is based on a sample of 11 RTIs in Brazil that are dedicated to the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) industry. The framework for capabilities identifies three dimensions: technical, organisational and human resources. Links between RTIs and other organisations of the innovation system (e.g., universities, technical centres, laboratories and firms) are examined here as key sources to build up such capabilities. Over the past few years, the capabilities of the sampled RTIs have not been confined to basic levels. Several RTIs have progressively upgraded their capabilities to carry out innovative activities. This contributes to building up an NSI in Brazil. Links between RTIs and other innovation system organisations vary from informal, human resource based and formal (e.g., joint research). Our findings contradict some current arguments that point to a pervasive deterioration of innovation systems in countries like Brazil, following the policy changes from the 1990s and the intensification of globalisation.

Keywords: research and technology institutes; national systems of innovation; information technology; communications; ICT; technological capabilities; industrialising economies; latecomers; Brazil; policy; research design; research strategy; globalisation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTG.2005.008745

International Journal of Technology and Globalisation, 2005 Vol.1 No.3/4, pp.286 - 310

Published online: 21 Jan 2006 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article