Title: Towards sustainable small hydro power development in Himachal Pradesh, India
Authors: Martin Grossman; Madhusudana N. Rao
Addresses: Department of Management, Ricciardi College of Business, Bridgewater State University, Bridgewater, MA 02325, USA ' Department of Geography, Bartlett College of Science and Mathematics, Bridgewater State University, Bridgewater, MA 02325, USA
Abstract: Long considered to be a non-polluting and renewable energy source, small hydroelectric power (SHP) has been promoted as an alternative approach to electrical energy production in India. In recent years the government has opened up the SHP sector to private investors, offering tax breaks and other incentives to stimulate development. Such accelerated expansion has come at a cost. In many cases development has proceeded with inadequate feasibility analysis and with a lack of consideration of the risk factors and environmental, social and economic impacts. This paper explores sustainable SHP development in India, focusing on the state of Himachal Pradesh (HP). Using publically available state government data, as well as web-based and academic literature sources, the paper presents multiple perspectives on sustainable SHP development in the state of HP. We conclude with reflections on how sustainable SHP development in India might be achieved and suggestions for future policy-making and research.
Keywords: small hydro power; Himachal Pradesh; sustainability; renewable energy; rural development.
International Journal of Global Energy Issues, 2017 Vol.40 No.3/4, pp.166 - 183
Received: 25 Feb 2016
Accepted: 25 Feb 2017
Published online: 14 Sep 2017 *