Title: Critical success factors of carsharing and electric carsharing: findings from expert interviews in Continental Europe

Authors: Kenan Degirmenci; Sandra Lapin; Michael H. Breitner

Addresses: School of Management, Queensland University of Technology, 2 George Street, QLD 4000 Brisbane, Australia ' Leibniz Universität Hannover School of Economics and Management Königsworther Platz 1 30167 Hannover, Germany ' School of Economics and Management, Leibniz University Hannover, Königsworther Platz 1, 30167 Hannover, Germany

Abstract: Private car ownership in the context of the ongoing urbanisation is creating challenges concerning environmental pollution, high energy costs, and limited and expensive parking. As a reaction to these negative impacts, companies are developing new transportation alternatives to private car ownership. One alternative is carsharing that provides individuals with cars from a fleet on an as-needed basis. In this regard, electric carsharing presents a suitable approach to sustainable transportation and is predicted to increase in the near future due to the potential to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. This paper aims to examine critical success factors of carsharing and electric carsharing services by performing a literature review and evaluating identified factors with expert interviews. For this reason, we conduct expert interviews with carsharing providers, automotive manufacturers, and scholars in the field of carsharing research from Germany, Austria, and France.

Keywords: carsharing; electric vehicles; electric carsharing; sustainable transportation; critical success factors; CSFs; Germany; Austria; France.

DOI: 10.1504/IJATM.2017.086413

International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management, 2017 Vol.17 No.3, pp.294 - 315

Received: 27 May 2016
Accepted: 09 Jan 2017

Published online: 30 Aug 2017 *

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